Jane Eyre Free Stream megavideo Mojo eng sub No Sign Up at Dailymotion
Jane eyre 1983. Jane Eyre is a novel by Charlotte Brontë that was first published in 1847. Summary Read a Plot Overview of the entire book or a chapter by chapter Summary and Analysis. Characters See a complete list of the characters in Jane Eyre and in-depth analyses of Jane Eyre, Edward Rochester, St. John Rivers, and Helen Burns. Main Ideas Here's where you'll find analysis about the book as a whole. Quotes Find the quotes you need to support your essay, or refresh your memory of the book by reading these key quotes. Further Study Continue your study of Jane Eyre with these useful links. Writing Help Get ready to write your essay on Jane Eyre.
Jane eyre character descriptions. Jane eyre book cover. Jane être consulté sur le site. Jane eyre movies. Jane eyre 2006. Jane eyre 1996. Jane eyre author. Welcome to the LitCharts study guide on Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre. Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides. Brief Biography of Charlotte Bronte Charlotte Brontë's father was a rural clergyman. She lost her mother when she was five years old. Brontë's two older sisters—Maria and Elizabeth—died from an illness that they likely contracted at their harsh boarding school. Though outwardly plain, Brontë had an active imaginative life, writing stories of an elaborate fantasy world called Angria. Brontë's first of four novels— Jane Eyre —was immediately and widely popular, and brought her into London literary circles. Her sisters Emily and Anne were also successful novelists. After losing all of her siblings to illness, Brontë married a clergyman she respected, but did not love. She died at 38 of complications during her first pregnancy. Historical Context of Jane Eyre The Victorian period brought sweeping changes across British society, and writers like Brontë explored its crises and progress. Abroad, the British expanded into a global empire that brought wealth from colonies. With the Industrial Revolution at home, manufacturing became Britain's economic backbone. As the middle class found lucrative opportunities, a new laboring class struggled for wages, job security, and adequate working and living conditions. Jane Eyre includes themes of reforms that emerged from the crisis: better political representation, working conditions, and education. Few of these reforms came immediately for women, who had limited status in Victorian society. As Jane strives for economic and personal independence, she touches on the issues of class, economics, and gender roles that affected Victorian Britain at large. Other Books Related to Jane Eyre The most popular literary form in the Victorian period was the novel, and Jane Eyre illustrates many of its defining characteristics: social relevance, plain style, and the narrative of an individual's inner thoughts. Jane Eyre is indebted to earlier Gothic novels, with its mysteries, supernatural events, and picturesque scenery. But as Jane matures, her autobiography likewise takes on Victorian themes and characteristics. Jane Eyre is a Bildungsroman, or a coming-of-age story, in which the protagonist's aspirations are set against the pressures and expectations of society. Victorian novels, including Jane Eyre, depict social panoramas with characters representing different economic and social classes, as well as gender differences. Brontë uses Jane's marriage as a metaphor for resolving England's political issues. Victorian novels with similar styles and goals include Charles Dickens' semi-autobiographical coming-of-age story, David Copperfield (1849-50) and Elizabeth Gaskell's Mary Barton (1848) and North and South (1855. Key Facts about Jane Eyre Full Title: Jane Eyre: An Autobiography When Written: 1847 Literary Period: Victorian Genre: Victorian novel. Jane Eyre combines Gothic mystery, a romantic marriage plot, and a coming-of-age story. Setting: Northern England in the early 1800s. Climax: Jane telepathically hears Rochester's voice calling out to her. Point of View: First person. Jane recounts her story ten years after its ending. Extra Credit for Jane Eyre Bells and Brontës: The Brontës became a literary powerhouse when Charlotte, Emily, and Anne all wrote successful first novels. Each sister published under a masculine-sounding pseudonym based on their initials. Charlotte Brontë became "Currer Bell" Emily Brontë wrote Wuthering Heights (1845-46) as "Ellis Bell" and Anne Brontë published Agnes Gray (1847) as "Acton Bell. Women could enter the marketplace as writers and novelists, but many writers, including the Brontës and Mary Anne Evans ( George Eliot. used male pseudonyms to keep from being dismissed as unimportant.
Jane eyre 2011. Jane eyre cast. At a Glance Jane Eyre is the self-reliant and strong-willed heroine of Jane Eyre. Throughout the novel, she narrates her emotional growth from childhood to adulthood. Jane struggles to find her place in society and feels constrained by the expectations she faces as a woman. She marries Mr. Rochester. Edward Fairfax Rochester is moody, aggressive, and complex. He is Janes love interest and kindred spirit. Mr. Rochester attempts to marry Jane while harboring his first wife, who has gone insane, in his attic at Thornfield. He marries Jane after a house fire kills his first wife and leaves him blind and injured. Bertha Mason Rochester is Mr. Rochesters first wife. They were arranged to marry by Mr. Rochesters father but were entirely incompatible, and Bertha began to show signs of madness. She was taken by Mr. Rochester from Jamaica to England, where she was locked alone in the attic at Thornfield. Adele Varens is Mr. Rochesters ward. Rochester had an affair with her mother, Celine Varens. Jane is hired to be Adeles governess. St. John Rivers is Janes cousin. He and his sisters care for Jane when they find her sickly and dying on the Moors. St. John helps Jane become a teacher and later offers to marry Jane and take her along on a missionary trip to India. Mr. Mason is Bertha Rochesters older brother. Bertha stabs him when he visits Thornfield. Later, he stops Jane and Mr. Rochesters wedding by revealing Mr. Rochesters extant marriage to Bertha. Mrs. Reed is Janes cruel and petty aunt. She never wanted Jane, and she is impatient and unkind to her, consistently putting her down and ensuring that Janes life is unprosperous. John Eyre is Janes only living relative. When John asks to adopt Jane, Mrs. Reed lies to him, telling him Jane has died. John passes away, leaving his fortune to Jane and the Rivers family. Maria Temple is Janes teacher and the supervisor of Lowood Boarding School. She takes the role of surrogate mother for Jane, even helping her become a teacher at Lowood. Characters Jane Eyre Jane is a calm, intelligent, and reflective woman who, throughout Jane Eyre, grows spiritually and emotionally with every life event. Due to the untimely death of her parents, Jane is placed into the hands of her aunt, Mrs. Reed. Unwanted and mistreated by Mrs. Reed, Jane experiences traumatic events throughout her childhood. She is abused by her cousins, who, at the guidance of their mother, dislike and disparage Jane. When Jane is attacked by her cousin John, Mrs. Reed blames Jane for inciting him and punishes her by locking her in the “red room” where Mr. Reed died. This causes Jane to become very ill. The apothecary, Mr. Lloyd, convinces Mrs. Reed to send Jane to Lowood Boarding School—a school for orphans—which Mrs. Reed believes is fitting for Janes “position and prospects. ” In her last attempt to hurt Jane, Mrs. Reed tells the schools headmaster, Mr. Brocklehurst, that Jane is a liar. (Read extended character analysis of Jane. ) Edward Fairfax Rochester Edward Fairfax Rochester, or Mr. Rochester, is introduced as a good landowner and a well-liked man. He is a “peculiar character, ” as described by his housekeeper, Mrs. Fairfax. Rochester is described as average looking, with a heavy brow and dark features. He is not traditionally heroic or handsome, but this allows him to be more approachable. However, Mr. Rochester is, upon further observation, more difficult than approachable; when he invites Jane to tea, he is gruff and irritable. Despite his dourness, Mr. Rochester admits to having thought of fairytales when he first encountered Jane along the road. Similarly, Jane reflected on the fairytale of the “Gytrash” as she saw his approaching horse and dog. At first, Mr. Rochester aggressively interrogates Jane about her past, her parents, and her skills, and he blames her for felling his horse the previous day. (Read extended character analysis of Mr. ) Bertha Mason Rochester (The entire section is 3, 385 words...
I think that Samantha Morton's Jane Eyre in Robert Young's 1997 TV adaptation of the great novel, could've been the best screen Jane ever. Morton was 20 years old and the closest in age to the young orphaned governess, childlike in the appearance but strong willed, serene yet very intelligent with acute sense of right or wrong. Two years prior to her Oscar nominated role as a mute girl in Woody Allen's "Sweet and Lowdown" Morton proved that she could say a lot by the mere look at her face, by her impressive and speaking eyes alone. It is sad that the film took too many liberties with the book and not only in omitting many important plot lines in order to fit in its 108 minutes length, but with too many changes to the very nature of the novel's two main characters and their relationship. Jane in the scenes with her employer is sometimes too demanding and not as tactful as she is in the book. The changes are especially obvious in Mr. Edward Rochester as he was played by Ciaran Hinds. Hinds is a talented, intense actor but I can't agree or like his reading and interpreting of Mr. Rochester's character. Some his scenes in the film made me cringe. Mr. Edward Rochester of the novel was not yelling or rather barking brute - it was difficult for me to believe that Jane Eyre would come to love so much. I also was unpleasantly surprised with Mr. Rochester openly displaying his affection for Adele. This manifestation was against the logic of his character.
Jane eyre summary. Cummings Guides Home. Contact This Site. Type of Work Settings Characters Plot Summary Year of Publication Narration Structure Climax Main Theme Other Themes Foreshadowing Bront�'s Descriptions Allusions Study Questions Essay Topics Complete Free Text. Guide Prepared by Michael J. Cummings. � 2007... Type of Work and Year of Publication. Jane Eyre: An Autobiography is a romance novel with elements of the Gothic novel and the bildungsroman (coming-of-age novel. Smith, Elder and Company published it in 1847 under Charlotte Bront� 's pseudonym, Currer Bell. A Gothic n ovel focuses on dark, mysterious, terrifying events. The story unfolds at one or more spooky sites, such as a dimly lit castle, an old mansion on a hilltop, a misty cemetery, a forlorn countryside, or the laboratory of a scientist conducting frightful experiments. In some Gothic novels, characters imagine that they see ghosts and monsters. In others, the ghosts and monsters are real. The weather in a Gothic novel is often dreary or foul: There may be high winds that rattle windowpanes, electrical storms with lightning strikes, and gray skies that brood over landscapes. The Gothic novel derives its name from the Gothic architectural style popular in Europe between the Twelfth and Sixteenth centuries. Gothic structures�such as cathedrals�featured cavernous interiors with deep shadows, stone walls that echoed the footsteps of worshippers, gargoyles looming on exterior ledges, and soaring spires suggestive of a supernatural presence. A bildungsroman is a novel that centers on the period in which a young person grows up. This type of novel was pioneered by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) in his novel Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre ( Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship. Bildungsroman is a German word meaning novel ( roman) of educational development ( bildungs. It is also referred to as an apprenticeship novel. Settings. The action takes place in the rural areas of central England in the first half of the nineteenth century. Protagonist: Jane Eyre Antagonist: Adversity Jane Eyre: Strong-willed, plain-looking daughter of a poor clergyman. Both of her parents die while she is still an infant. A cruel aunt rears her to age ten as an unwanted and inferior member of the family, then sends her to a charity school, Lowood Orphan Asylum. Jane spends six years there as a student and two years as a teacher before accepting a position, at age eighteen, as the governess of the ward of Edward Rochester at his estate, Thornfield Hall. Jane is intelligent, well educated (thanks in part to her love of books) industrious, loyal, compassionate, and morally upright, with an independent spirit. Edward Fairfax Rochester: Gruff, sometimes moody employer of Jane Eyre. He falls in love with Jane, who is about half his age, and gains her assent to marry him even though he already has a wife�an insane woman whom he keeps in the attic of Thornfield Hall. Mrs. Sarah Reed: Cruel aunt who rears Jane Eyre. Her husband made her promise to do so before he died. John Reed: Late husband of Sarah Reed and brother of Jane's mother. He is entombed in the chancel of Gateshead Church. Young John Reed: Son of John and Sarah Reed. He constantly bedevils Jane, reminding her that she is a lowly orphan who does not deserve to live in the Reed home. He is a cruel and mischievous boy, Jane says, who "twisted the necks of the pigeons, killed the little pea-chicks, set the dogs at the sheep, stripped the hothouse vines of their fruit, and broke the buds off the choicest plants in the conservatory. " Eliza, Georgiana Reed: Daughters of John and Sarah Reed. Like their brother, they make like miserable for Jane, who says, Eliza and Georgiana, evidently acting according to orders, spoke to me as little as possible. " Rowland Rochester: Edward Rochester's brother. Old Mr. Rochester: Edward Rochester's father. Mr. Miles: Headmaster at the school young John Reed attends. When Mrs. Reed keeps John out of school for several weeks because of his "delicate health. Mr. Miles says that John's problem is that he receives too many cakes and sweetmeats from home. Bessie: Nurse in the employ of Mrs. Reed. She treats Jane humanely. Abbot: Maid in the employ of Mrs. She sides with Mrs. Reed against Jane. Robert Leaven: Coachman whom Bessie marries. Bobby and Jane Leaven: Children of Robert Leaven and Bessie. Mr. Lloyd: Apothecary who attends Jane at Gateshead Hall after she blacks out. Mr. Carter: Surgeon who treats Rochester after the latter falls from a horse and suffers a sprain. He also treats the wounds Richard Mason suffered when his insane sister attacked him. Mr. Brocklehurst: Minister and headmaster at Lowood Orphan Asylum who embezzles money from the school. Mrs. Brocklehurst: Wife of Mr. Brocklehurst. Misses Brocklehurst: Sixteen- and seventeen-year-old daughters of Mr. and Mrs. Brocklehurst. Helen Burns, Mary Wilson: Good friends of Jane at Lowood. Julia Severn: Student scolded by Brocklehurst for daring to wear her hair in curls. (She has naturally curly hair. ) Maria Temple: Kindly superintendent and teacher at Lowood Orphan Asylum. She becomes a good friend of Jane. Miss Scatcherd: History and grammar teacher at Lowood. She treats the students cruelly. She is especially hard on Helen Burns, whom she whips. Miss Smith: Lowood teacher who helps students make their clothes. Madame Pierrot: Lowood's French teacher from Lisle, France. Miss Miller: An under-teacher at Lowood who greets Jane after she arrives there from Gateshead Hall. Miss Gryce: Welsh teacher who shares a room with Jane after the latter becomes a teacher at Lowood. Mr. Bates: Surgeon who treats Helen Burns when she becomes ill. Nurse: Woman who assists Bates and informs Jane that Helen Burns is about to die. Mrs. Alice Fairfax: Kindly elderly woman who manages Thornfield Hall and keeps house there. Rochester's mother was a second cousin of Mrs. Fairfax's late husband. Ad�le Varens: French girl of about ten who has been at Thornfield Hall for six months before Jane arrives to become her governess. She is the ward of Rochester. Although the story focuses little attention on her character development, she is a pivotal presence in the novel in that her education and care are the reasons that Jane Eyre goes to Thornfield Hall. Sophie: Ad�le's French nurse. C�line Varens: Ad�le's mother and a French opera dancer. Rochester had an affair with her after his wife went insane. Madame Frederic: Woman with whom Ad�le Varens lives for a short time before being adopted by Rochester and taken to Thornfield Hall. Mr. Wood: Clergyman who is to marry Jane and Rochester. Bertha Antoinetta Mason: Rochester's Jamaican Creole wife, who is confined to the attic at Thornfield Hall after going insane. Richard Mason: Brother of Bertha Mason. He reveals that Rochester is already married. Jonas Mason: Jamaican merchant and father of Bertha and Richard Mason. Grace Poole: Servant who watches over Bertha Mason. Briggs: Richard Mason's lawyer. John: Servant at Thornfield Hall and later at Ferndean Manor. Mary: John's wife, who is Rochester's cook. Leah: Housemaid at Thornfield Hall. Blanche Ingram: Beautiful young woman who is a guest at Thornfield Hall. Jane mistakenly believes Rochester plans to marry her. Mary Ingram: Sister of Blanche and a guest at Thornfield Hall. Dowager Lady Ingram: Mother of Blanche and Mary. She is a guest at Thornfield Hall. Mr. Eshton: Magistrate, friend of Rochester, and a guest at Thornfield Hall. Mrs. Eshton: Wife of Mr. Eshton and a guest at Thornfield Hall. Amy and Louisa Eshton: Daughters of Mr. Eshton and guests at Thornfield Hall... Sir George Lynn: Millcote politician and a guest at Thornfield Hall. Lady Lynn: Wife of Sir George and a guest at Thornfield Hall. Henry and Frederick Lynn: Children of Sir George and guests at Thornfield Hall. Colonel and Mrs. Dent: Guests at Thornfield Hall. Sam: Footman who brings coal for the guests at Thornfield Hall and informs them of the presence of a fortunetelling gipsy (Rochester in disguise. Giacinta: Italian woman with whom Rochester had an affair while traveling in Europe. Clara: German woman with whom Rochester had an affair while traveling in Europe. Farmer: Man who gives Jane bread on her journey through the moors. Shopwoman: Woman who sells bread cakes in a village Jane comes upon during her journey through the moors. She answers questions Jane asks about employment. Woman at a Village House: Woman who answers questions Jane asks about employment in a village. Jane comes upon during her journey through the moors. Woman at a Parsonage: Woman who answers Jane's questions at a parsonage at which Jane seeks a clergyman to help her find employment. Girl at Cottage: Girl who gives Jane porridge after the latter spends the night in woods. Mother of Girl: Mother of the girl at the cottage. St. John (pronounced SIN jin) Rivers: Minister who, with his sisters, takes Jane in after she wanders on the moors. Diana and Mary Rivers: Sisters of St. John who become good friends of Jane. Hannah: Servant in the Rivers household. Alice Wood: Jane's assistant at the school founded by St. John Rivers. John Eyre: Uncle of Jane, St. John Rivers, and his two sisters. He bequeaths twenty thousand pounds to Jane, which she shares with the Rivers family. Rosamond Oliver: Young woman in love with St. John Rivers. Mr. Oliver: Father of Rosamond and wealthy owner of a needle factory. Mr. Granby: Well-connected man whom Rosamond Oliver marries. Sir Frederic Granby: Father of Mr. Granby. Host of Rochester Arms: Keeper of the inn at which Jane stays when she returns to Thornfield Hall and finds it in ruins after the fire. He informs her of what happened to Rochester. Damer de Rochester: Ancestor entombed in the church where Jane and Rochester go to be married before Richard Mason reveals that Rochester is already married. Damer de Rochester was killed in the Battle of Marston Moor (July 2, 1644) during the English Civil War. Elizabeth: Wife of Damer de Rochester. Coachmen Animals: Pilot, Rochester's dog; Mesrour, Rochester's black horse; Carlo, Rosamond Oliver's dog. Summary By Michael J. � 2007. Jane Eyre�s parents died before she was old enough to form memories of them. Her father had been an impoverished clergyman whom her mother married over the objections of family members who said the clergyman was beneath her. After the marriage, Jane�s mother was disinherited She was not to receive a single shilling. One year into the marriage, Jane�s father caught typhus while ministering to the poor, and her mother caught the disease from him. Both died within months. Jane�s uncle, John Reed�the brother of her mother�adopted Jane, but he died not long after he brought the infant to his home, Gateshead Hall. Jane has recorded the events of her life, and here is her story, beginning when she is ten years old and under the supervision of Mr. Reed�s widow, Sarah. Mrs. Reed and her children�John, Eliza, and Georgiana�treat Jane cruelly. In fact, John, a stout fourteen-year-old, terrorizes Jane, who recalls that �he bullied and punished me; not two or three times in the week, nor once or twice in the day, but continually: every nerve I had feared him, and every morsel of flesh in my bones shrank when he came near. One day, in a room adjoining the drawing room, Jane takes Bewick�s History of British Birds from a bookcase and begins reading it on a window seat. Moments later, John appears, commands her to stand before him, and tells her that "you have no business to take our books; you are a dependent, mama says; you have no money; your father left you none; you ought to beg, and not to live here with gentlemen's children like us, and eat the same meals we do, and wear clothes at our mama's expense. Then he brains her with the book. Jane falls and cuts her head on the door. A spunky child, she accuses him of acting like the Roman emperors, whom she had read about in Goldsmith�s History of Rome. He grabs her hair and further bullies her. After Eliza and Georgiana summon Mrs. Reed, she assumes Jane caused the ruckus and orders the nurse, Bessie, and a maid, Abbot, to lock Jane in the �red room. the scene of Mr. Reed�s death and wake nine years before. Since that time, �a sense of dreary consecration had guarded it from frequent intrusion. While Jane broods, day passes into night. Wind howls and rain beats at a window. If Mr. Reed were alive, she thinks, he would treat her kindly. Before he died, he made Mrs. Reed promise to rear Jane as her own child. In the darkness, Jane sees a light on the wall. Frightened that it is an otherworldly presence, she runs to the door and screams. When Bessie and Abbot come, Jane tells them she saw a light, a sign perhaps that a ghost was about to appear. Abbot accuses her of lying. Mrs. Reed arrives and pushes Jane back into the room and locks the door. Bessie, who has always treated Jane humanely, is powerless to rescue her in the face of Mrs. Reed�s tyranny. Sometime later, Jane awakens in her own bed with Bessie and Mr. Lloyd, an apothecary, tending her. She has no memory of how she got there. But when overhearing Bessie and Mrs. Reed talking in a nearby room, she learns that she had suffered a �fit" and spoken of something dressed in white that had passed her, followed by �a great black dog. She had also spoken of �a light in the churchyard" over a grave. The apothecary returns the following day to check on her condition. When he questions her about what made her ill, she tells him about the cruel treatment she receives at Gateshead Hall. Mr. Lloyd, a kindly man, asks her whether she would like to go away to school. She says she would indeed, and Mr. Lloyd speaks with Mrs. Reed, who (eager to get rid of Jane) arranges an interview at her home with the headmaster-treasurer of Lowood Orphan Asylum, Mr. Brocklehurst, who is a also clergyman. His mother, Naomi Brocklehurst, founded the institution, located fifty miles away, near Lowton. In presenting Jane for enrollment at Lowood, Mrs. Reed advises Brocklehurst to �keep a strict eye on her, and, above all, to guard against her worst fault, deceit. In response, Brocklehurst tells Jane that �all liars shall have their portion in the lake burning with fire and brimstone. Mrs. Reed also tells Brocklehurst that she wishes Jane to spend all her vacations at Lowood. After Brocklehurst leaves, Jane tells Mrs. Reed: I am not deceitful: if I were, I should say I loved you; but I declare I do not love you: I dislike you the worst of anybody in the world except John Reed [Mrs. Reed's late husband] and this book about the liar, you may give to your girl, Georgiana, for it is she who tells lies, and not I. Lowood is bleak building with mullioned windows and sparse furnishings. On her first morning there, Jane and the other students are served burnt porridge. The girls sample it before realizing how horrible it tastes, then eat no more. In geography class, the superintendent, Miss Maria Temple, surprises the girls when she tells them that she has ordered bread and cheese for them. Such generosity is uncommon at Lowood, Jane learns in the ensuing weeks and months. To be sure, the benefactors of the school provide adequate funds for the children, but Brocklehurst scrimps on food and clothing for the children and pockets the savings. Of course, Lowood is an improvement over Gateshead Hall, but there is still cruelty with which to reckon. For example, when Brocklehurst visits Jane�s classroom one day, he singles her out as a liar and makes her stand on a stool in front of the class to expose her to scorn. He also ridicules a student named Julia Severn for daring to wear her hair in curls. (Her hair is naturally curly. On another occasion, a teacher of history and grammar, Miss Scatcherd, whips Jane's best friend, Helen Burns. She also sentences Helen �to a dinner of bread and water. because she had blotted an exercise in copying it out. " When Jane advises Helen to resist Miss Scatcherd's treatment, Helen tells her that "it is far better to endure patiently a smart which nobody feels but yourself, than to commit a hasty action whose evil consequences will extend to all connected with you; and besides, the Bible bids us return good for evil. Sometime later, Helen dies of consumption. However, Jane endures during her six years as a Lowood student, thanks in part to the kindnesses of Miss Temple, who clears Jane of the charge of lying after writing to Mr. Lloyd, the apothecary in whom Jane confided at Gateshead Hall. To Jane, Miss Temple is �a mother, governess. and companion. " Miss Temple eventually marries and leaves Lowood. Meanwhile, benefactors make improvements to Lowood and reduce the authority of Brocklehurst. Jane learns that her old nurse at Gateshead, Bessie, has married a coachman, Robert Leaven, and bears two children, Bobby and a girl she has named Jane. She also learns that a Mr. Eyre�the brother of Jane�s father�had visited Gateshead looking for Jane. Told she was at a school fifty miles away, he left on business in a foreign land, Madeira. Jane stays on two more years as a teacher at Lowood, then�yearning for a new life�advertises for a teaching job in a private home. She receives and accepts an offer from Alice Fairfax, a housekeeper, on behalf of her employer, Edward Rochester, the master of Thornfield Hall, about six miles from the town of Millcote. Upon her arrival there in autumn, Jane is pleased to discover that Miss Fairfax, an elderly woman, is kindly and genial. She informs Jane that she is to serve as the governess for Ad�le Varens, a French girl of about ten who has been at Thornfield Hall for six months as the ward of Mr. Rochester. With Ad�le is a nurse, Sophie. Fortunately, Jane had learned French at Lowood from another teacher, Madame Pierrot, and is able to speak with Ad�le and Sophie in French, although the girl is learning English. After her mother died, Ad�le had lived a short time with a �Madame Frederic" before Rochester invited her to live at Thornfield. For school lessons, Jane and Ad�le use the library�equipped with books, a piano, a painting easel, and two globes. Mrs. Fairfax takes Jane on a tour of the mansion that includes a trip to the roof to view the lands that the Rochester family has owned for generations. As they descend from the attic, Jane hears a laugh and asks whether Mrs. Fairfax heard it. The latter tells Jane that it probably came from Grace Poole, a servant who sometimes sews in a room on the third floor. Three months pass before Jane meets Rochester. While she is taking a walk, he falls from a horse as he rides by and suffers a sprain. At his side is his dog, Pilot. Unaware of who he is, Jane stops to help him to his horse. Jane recalls that "he had a dark face, with stern features and a heavy brow. He was past youth, but had not reached middle-age; perhaps he might be thirty-five. When a surgeon, Mr. Carter, attends him at Thornfield Hall, Jane discovers his identity. The two of them get along well, although he can be gruff and moody. One afternoon, while Ad�le plays on the grounds and Rochester walks with Jane, he tells her that Ad�le�s mother, C�line Varens, was a French opera dancer whom he established in a hotel, showered with gifts, and carried on a grand passion. But one day, he observed her with a young man in an officer�s uniform�a rou� he had run across before and whom he despised�and overheard C�line ridiculing Rochester�s �deformities. He then broke off with her and, the next morning, wounded the young man in a duel. Later, C�line abandoned Ad�le and absconded to Italy with a singer or a musician. Rochester then adopted Ad�le even though he was almost certain that she was not his child. That evening, after going to bed, Jane hears diabolical laughter outside her room. When she investigates, she sees smoke coming from Rochester�s room and rushes inside. Flames are consuming the curtains around his bed while he appears to be in deep sleep. A candlestick lies on the floor. When Jane attempts to rouse him but fails, she concludes that the smoke had put him in a stupor. Grabbing a filled ewer from his wash basin, she throws the water on the fire and on Rochester, then retrieves a pitcher of water from her own room and manages to extinguish the fire and awaken Rochester. She tells him about the laugh she heard, and they both agree it came from Grace Poole. As Jane is about to leave the room, he stops her and tells her that she saved his life��snatched me from a horrible and excruciating death. " He takes her hand and tells her he is deeply indebted to her. However, he says, she must tell no one about the incident and is not to worry about Grace Poole. In time, he grows quite fond of his savior�and she of him. After going away, Rochester returns about three weeks later with a group of friends, including a beautiful woman named Blanche Ingram. They are all to be lodged and entertained at Thornfield Hall. The house is full, the maids and cooks are busy, and there is much cheer and revelry over the next several days as the guests occupy themselves with various entertainments. Jane assumes Rochester plans to marry Miss Ingram �for family, perhaps political reasons, because her rank and connections suited him; I felt he had not given her his love, and that her qualifications were ill adapted to win from him that treasure. One day, a new guest�Richard Mason, from Spanish Town, Jamaica�arrives while Rochester is away from Thornfield Hall. He says he knows Rochester and then joins the other guests as they socialize. After Rochester returns, he appears in the guise of an old gipsy, wearing a red cloak and a black hat, and tells fortunes in a voice that fools listeners. Later, when he is in the library alone with Jane, he begins speaking in his normal voice, which Jane recognizes. After he removes his disguise, Jane mentions the presence of the new guest, Mason. Rochester goes pale and asks Jane for wine. After she fetches him a glass of it, Rochester recovers himself and tells Jane to go back out with the guests and whisper to Mason �that Mr. Rochester has come and wishes to see him. Jane does so, escorts Mason to the library, then leaves. After everyone retires that evening, �a savage, a sharp, a shrilly sound" is heard throughout the mansion. The cry rouses all the guests, who come forth terrified or confused. Rochester calms them, saying, �A servant has had a nightmare; that is all. She's an excitable, nervous person: she construed her dream into an apparition, or something of that sort, no doubt; and has taken a fit with fright. Then he tells Jane to fetch a sponge and salts. After she obtains them, he takes her to a room on the third floor. There, Mason sits in a chair suffering from wounds to an arm and shoulder. Jane tends him while Rochester goes out for a doctor. Hours later, around dawn, he returns with Mr. Carter, the same surgeon who treated Rochester for his sprain. When Carter tends Mason's wounds, their conversation indicates that a woman with a knife attacked Mason. When Rochester wrested the weapon from her, she bit Mason. �She sucked the blood. Mason says. �She said she�d drain my heart. Jane continues to assist while Mason undergoes treatment. After the surgeon pronounces him well enough to travel, a coach comes for him at about 5:30 a. m. Rochester sees him off. Before leaving, Mason tells Rochester, Let her be taken care of; let her be treated as tenderly as may be. "Yet would to God there was an end of all this. Rochester says. Believing Grace Poole attacked Mason, Jane asks Rochester whether she will be dismissed. Rochester says no and tells her not to worry about the servant. Nor should she concern herself about Mason, he says. However, Rochester acknowledges that he is vulnerable to someone, but he cannot disclose the details. Meanwhile, Jane�s aunt, Mrs. Reed, sends her coachman, Robert Leaven (the husband of Bessie) for Jane. He tells her Mrs. Reed has suffered a stroke and is near death after learning that her son, John�Jane�s bully at Gateshead Hall�apparently killed himself at his residence in London after consorting with bad companions, running himself into debt, and running afoul of the law. When Jane arrives, she talks briefly with Bessie and Mrs. Reed�s daughters, Eliza and Georgiana, before seeing Mrs. Reed, whose mind is in a confused state. She talks to Jane as if Jane were another person, noting that "I had a dislike to her mother always; for she was my husband's only sister, and a great favourite with him: he opposed the family's disowning her when she made her low marriage; and when news came of her death, he wept like a simpleton. Mrs. Reed falls into a stupor and more than ten days pass before Jane can speak to her again. In the interim, Jane paints and talks with the two sisters, with whom she gets along well enough. When Jane finally talks with Mrs. Reed, who continues to decline, the woman gives her a letter from John Eyre, In it, Eyre, unmarried and childless, asks for Jane�s address so that he may write to her and invite her to live in Madeira with him as his adopted child and heir. When Jane asks why Mrs. Reed did not inform her previously about the letter, she says that "I disliked you too fixedly and thoroughly ever to lend a hand in lifting you to prosperity. Mrs. Reed dies and is buried, Georgiana moves to London, and Eliza leaves for France to study Roman Catholicism and become a nun. Jane, after spending more than a month at Gateshead, returns to Thornfield Hall. There, she receives a wonderful surprise: Rochester asks her to marry him. She accepts the proposal, of course. However, when they are at the altar about to be united, a London solicitor, Briggs, announces that Rochester is already married. Briggs reads the details about the marriage from a document, signed by Richard Mason. It says that Rochester had married Bertha Antoinetta Mason, daughter of Jonas Mason, in Spanish Town, Jamaica, fifteen years before the present date. Richard Mason, her brother, then steps forward to disclose that Rochester�s wife is living at Thornfield Hall. (It was she who attacked him and tore open his shoulder with her teeth. Rochester acknowledges the marriage but says that his wife is insane and must be confined to the attic of Thornfield Hall under the care of Grace Poole. He then escorts his listeners to the attic to show them his wife. In her narrative, Jane describes the woman: What it was, whether beast or human being, one could not, at first sight, tell: it grovelled, seemingly, on all fours; it snatched and growled like some strange wild animal: but it was covered with clothing, and a quantity of dark, grizzled hair, wild as a mane, hid its head and face. Before leaving, Mason�s solicitor, Briggs, tells Jane that Richard Mason had planned to return to Jamaica but stopped over in Madeira to recover from the wounds his sister inflicted. In Madeira, Briggs says, Mason met John Eyre, who spoke of a letter he had received from Jane in which she disclosed plans to marry Rochester. Mason, of course, informed Eyre that Rochester was already married. Because John Eyre had fallen ill, he was unable to travel to England to alert Jane of Rochester�s previous marriage. But Mason, sufficiently recovered from his injuries, was able to act on John Eyre�s behalf and, after arriving, contacted Briggs on Eyre�s recommendation. Together, they went to the church to stop the wedding. After Mason and Briggs leave Thornfield Hall, Rochester has a long talk with Jane. He begs her forgiveness, and she gives it. Then he explains in detail the circumstances surrounding his marriage. His father, a greedy man, learned that an old acquaintance of his, a West Indies planter and merchant named Jonas Mason, planned to give his daughter, Bertha, an extraordinary gift: thirty thousand pounds. Rochester�s father then sent his son to Jamaica to court her, telling him that she was a rare beauty but withholding information about her expected fortune. She was, in fact, beautiful�tall, dark, and statuesque, the daughter of Jonas�s Creole wife. �Her family wished to secure me because I was of good race. Rochester says. "So did she. Rochester thought he loved her. He never met her mother, for he was given the impression that she was dead. However, she was alive�in an insane asylum. Rochester�s father and brother, Rowland, were aware of the history of insanity in the Mason family but kept it a secret. It was the thirty thousand pounds that interested them. In short, Rochester married her. After four years, she began to go mad. Meanwhile, Rochester�s father and brother had died, and he inherited their money and became rich. Doctors declared his wife insane. In time, he wanted to escape from her terrifying presence, so he returned to Europe with Bertha, hired Grace Poole to care for her at Thornfield Hall, and went off to foreign lands and wandered for ten years�sojourning in St. Petersburg, Paris, Rome, Naples, and Florence. He kept company with many ladies: English, French, Italian, German. After his affair with Celene Varens, he had two more�with an Italian named Giacinta and a German named Clara. However, no woman has ever meant so much to him, he says, as Jane. Although Jane sympathizes with him, she refuses to remain at Thornfield Hall. She cannot endure being around a man she loves but cannot marry. It is now summer. Early one morning, she leaves on the first coach out of the area. However, it drops her two days later at a place called Whitcross because she lacks enough fare to continue. After she gets out and the coachman drives off, she discovers that she left a parcel containing belongings on the coach. At that moment, she realizes she is destitute and has no place to go. After wandering through the countryside, she comes upon a village, but no one offers to help her. At dark, desperately hungry, she asks a farmer for food and he gives her a thick slice of bread. Eventually, she knocks at the door of a house late at night, but the servant, Hannah, refuses to admit her. When she is on the brink of collapsing, a man arrives at the house and takes her in. He is a minister, named St. John Rivers. In the house, besides Hannah, are two sisters of Rivers, Diana and Mary. It is the family home, although St. John Rivers lives at Morton, nearby, where he maintains a parish. Jane identifies herself by a false surname�Elliott. After several days in bed, Jane regains her strength and the minister promises to help her find suitable employment. In the meantime, she remains with the family, enjoying the company of Diana and Mary. In turn, they much cherish her company, for all three young ladies have many of the same interests. After a month, the two sisters begin preparing to leave for positions they hold as governesses in southern England, and St. John offers Jane a position teaching impoverished girls at a school he is founding. He has already established such a school for boys. Her salary would be thirty pounds a year. A cottage attached to the school would be her home. Jane readily accepts the post. Meanwhile, St. John receives visits from an attractive young woman, Rosamond Oliver, the daughter of the wealthy operator of a needle factory. It becomes obvious to Jane that Rosamond loves the minister, and he acknowledges his attraction for her. However, he does not return her attentions, believing that if he married her the marriage would not last. Besides, he says, he plans one day to become a missionary in the Far East. To be the wife of such a man would not suit her. One day, St. John receives a letter notifying him and his sisters that their uncle has died. He bequeathed a fortune of twenty thousand pounds to another relation but only thirty guineas to the Rivers family. Sometime later, Rivers learns through a lawyer that his late uncle was also the uncle of a young lady named Jane Eyre. Rivers� observation of �Jane Elliott" since meeting her, as well as her background and other information, suggests to him that she is Miss Eyre and the heiress to John Eyre�s fortune. Jane admits her identity. She is the cousin of St. John, Diana, and Mary. What is more, she declares that she will share her inheritance with St. John and his sisters. St. John then asks her to become his wife and work at his side as a missionary in India. But, much as she admires St. John, she cannot marry him, for she does not love him. It is Rochester that she loves and, upon thinking of him again, she returns to Thornfield Hall to find out what has happened to him since they departed. Upon her arrival there, she learns that there has been a fire that reduced the mansion to ashes. During the fire, Rochester attempted to save his wife when she was on the roof screaming for help. But it was no use. Bertha Mason Rochester ended up dead on the pavement. Rochester lost an eye and a hand in the rescue effort, and an injury to his other eye eventually drew a veil of darkness over it. He then took up residence at Ferndean Manor (about thirty miles away) with two servants, sent Ad�le to a school, and gave Mrs. Fairfax a generous annuity before she left to live with friends. Jane reunites with him at Ferndean Manor and they eventually marry. Within two years, the veil of darkness lifts from the injured eye, and he can see the world again�and Jane and the son she bore... Narration. Jane Eyre tells her story in first-person point of view as she looks back on her life after her marriage to Edward Rochester. She begins the narrative when she is a ten-year-old orphan being reared by a cruel aunt. Charlotte Bront� structures the thirty-eight chapter novel according to stages in Jane Eyre's life. These stages center on Jane as a Maltreated child in the home of Mrs. Sarah Reed. Child and adolescent student at Lowood Orphan Asylum. Teenage governess and teacher at Thornfield Hall, where she falls in love with her employer, Edward Rochester. Wanderer through the moors after leaving Thornfield Hall. Tired, lacking food, she becomes deathly ill. Sojourner at the home of St. John, Diana, and Mary Rivers, where Jane recovers. Fulfilled young woman at Ferndean Manor after reuniting with and marrying Rochester. Climax. The climax of a novel or another literary work can be defined as (1) a major turning point in the story or as (2) the final and most exciting event in a series of events. The climax of Jane Eyre occurs, according to the first definition, when Richard Mason and his solicitor reveal at the wedding ceremony that Edward Rochester is already married. According to the second definition, the climax occurs when Rochester, temporarily blinded by the fire, realizes that Jane Eyre has returned to him. Here is the dialogue. Great God! � what delusion has come over me? What sweet madness has seized me. No delusion � no madness: your mind, sir, is too strong for delusion, your health too sound for frenzy. "And where is the speaker? Is it only a voice? Oh! I cannot see, but I must feel, or my heart will stop and my brain burst. Whatever � whoever you are � be perceptible to the touch or I cannot live. He groped; I arrested his wandering hand, and prisoned it in both mine. Her very fingers. he cried; her small, slight fingers! If so there must be more of her. Main Theme: Struggling Against Adversity. Throughout the novel, Jane Eyre struggles against forces that use her cruelly. After fate robs her of her mother and father, it places her in the home of an abusive aunt whose children bully Jane and remind her that she ranks as a lowly orphan without entitlement to the privileges they enjoy. At Lowood school, she struggles against ridicule, cold, loneliness, and the maltreatment of fellow students by school authorities. She recalls in Chapter 7 that My first quarter at Lowood seemed an age; and not the golden age either; it comprised an irksome struggle with difficulties in habituating myself to new rules and unwonted tasks. The fear of failure in these points harassed me worse than the physical hardships of my lot. Our clothing was insufficient to protect us from the severe cold: we had no boots, the snow got into our shoes and melted there: our ungloved hands became numbed and covered with chilblains. the scanty supply of food was distressing: with the keen appetites of growing children, we had scarcely sufficient to keep alive a delicate invalid. From this deficiency of nourishment resulted an abuse, which pressed hardly on the younger pupils: whenever the famished great girls had an opportunity, they would coax or menace the little ones out of their portion. Many a time I have shared between two claimants the precious morsel of brown bread distributed at tea-time; and after relinquishing to a third half the contents of my mug of coffee, I have swallowed the remainder with an accompaniment of secret tears, forced from me by the exigency of hunger. At Thornfield Hall, Jane struggles to fathom eerie and mysterious happenings and to win the love of the man at the center of them, Edward Rochester. As to the latter struggle, Jane herself sometimes becomes the enemy. In a kind of soliloquy in Chapter 26, she berates herself for daring to think that Rochester would marry her: You. I said, a favourite with Mr. Rochester? You, gifted with the power of pleasing him? You, of importance to him in any way? Go! your folly sickens me. And you have derived pleasure from occasional tokens of preference�equivocal tokens shown by a gentleman of family and a man of the world to a dependent and a novice. How dared you? Poor stupid dupe! �Could not even self-interest make you wiser? You repeated to yourself this morning the brief scene of last night? �Cover your face and be ashamed! He said something in praise of your eyes, did he? Blind puppy! Open their bleared lids and look on your own accursed senselessness. But after Rochester does ask her to marry him, a perverse turn of events prevents the marriage, desolating Jane. After leaving Thornfield Hall, she struggles for her very survival while wandering aimlessly in the countryside, then struggles to regain her health in the home of a kindly family that takes her in. After she marries Rochester, her struggle continues when she helps him cope with the blindness inflicted upon him by the fire at Thornfield Hall. Fortunately, it is a happy struggle: Never did I weary of reading to him; never did I weary of conducting him where he wished to go: of doing for him what he wished to be done. When sight returns to one of his eyes, Jane embarks upon a new experience in her life, normalcy. Other Love Jane Eyre focuses on several kinds of love: romantic (Jane and Rochester's love for each other) sisterly (Jane's love for Helen Burns and other students at Lowood, for Maria Temple, and for the Rivers family) compassionate (the love of Jane, Maria Temple, and others for the downtrodden) and familial (the love of Diane, Mary, and St. John Rivers for one another. Lack of Love and False Lack of love causes Jane's miserable childhood at Gateshead Hall, as well as the ridicule and deprivation she and other children suffer at Lowood Orphan Asylum. False love is in part responsible for Edward Rochester's disastrous marriage to Bertha Mason. What he thought was love for her was instead infatuation. John Rivers loves Rosamond Oliver but instead proposes to Jane Eyre, whom he does not truly love, because he believes she would make a good partner for him in the missionary field. Deception Jane Eyre's tormentors at Gateshead Hall label her a liar when she is in fact truthful. After Mrs. Reed tells Mr. Brocklehurst to monitor Jane for deceit, he forces her to stand on a stool in front of her classmates as punishment for lying ways. The kindly superintendent of the school, Maria Temple, later exonerates Jane; it was Mrs. Reed and others who were deceitful. Brocklehurst deceives the benefactors of the school about the use of their money�he keeps a portion of it for himself. The family of Rochester's first wife, as well as his own father and brother, deceive him about her background�in particular, her family's history of insanity�before he marries her. Rochester himself deceives Jane about the strange occurrences at Thornfield Hall�in particular, the unearthly laughter she hears and the role of Grace Poole. In addition, he allows Jane to believe that he is single and eligible for marriage when in fact he is already married. Jane deceives the Rivers family about her identity, claiming her surname is "Elliott. " Women's Rights Jane Eyre speaks up for herself not only as a human being deserving just treatment but also as a woman deserving the same. In this regard, an important moment in the novel occurs in Chapter 12 when Jane observes that Women are supposed to be very calm generally: but women feel just as men feel; they need exercise for their faculties, and a field for their efforts, as much as their brothers do; they suffer from too rigid a restraint, too absolute a stagnation, precisely as men would suffer; and it is narrow-minded in their more privileged fellow-creatures to say that they ought to confine themselves to making puddings and knitting stockings, to playing on the piano and embroidering bags. It is thoughtless to condemn them, or laugh at them, if they seek to do more or learn more than custom has pronounced necessary for their sex. In asserting herself, however, Jane never attempts to exceed the boundaries of moral propriety. For example, after it becomes known that Edward Rochester's first wife is alive, she refuses to accept his invitation to live with him in an adulterous arrangement. Selfishness Mr. Brocklehurst, the headmaster at Lowood Orphan Asylum, pockets part of the money provided by benefactors of the school for proper food and clothing for the students. Rochester's father and brother promote his marriage to Bertha Mason because of her family's offered dowry of thirty thousand pounds. Self-Reliance Jane ably fends for herself against the cruelty and injustice inflicted upon her. As an avid reader, she also educates herself. Moreover, upon graduating from Lowood Orphan Asylum, she takes control of her destiny, choosing to teach at Lowood and then to strike out on her own as a teacher and governess. When Rochester asks her to live with him after acknowledging that he is married to an insane woman, Jane's sense of dignity and propriety makes her refuse to do so even though she loves him. When St. John Rivers proposes to her, she refuses to marry him. She then returns to Rochester after his first wife dies and freely marries him, well knowing that a sightless man will test her mettle. Paranormal Phenomena From time to time in the novel, Jane Eyre sees or hears what she thinks could be manifestations from the beyond or encounters situations that suggest the presence of a ghost. For example, when Mrs. Reed confines her to the red room at Gateshead Hall (Chapter 2) Jane begins to remember "what I had heard of dead men, troubled in their graves by the violation of their last wishes, revisiting the earth to punish the perjured and avenge the oppressed; and I thought Mr. Reed's spirit, harassed by the wrongs of his sister's child, might quit its abode�whether in the church vault or in the unknown world of the departed�and rise before me in this chamber. After she sees a strange light she thinks that the "swift darting beam was a herald of some coming vision from another world. My heart beat thick, my head grew hot; a sound filled my ears, which I deemed the rushing of wings; something seemed near me; I was oppressed, suffocated: endurance broke down; I rushed to the door and shook the lock in desperate effort. Years later at Thornfield Hall, Jane asks Mrs. Fairfax whether servants sleep in certain rooms on the third floor (Chapter 11. Fairfax tells her, No; they occupy a range of smaller apartments to the back; no one ever sleeps here: one would almost say that, if there were a ghost at Thornfield Hall, this would be its haunt. Jane also hears unearthly laughter at Thornfield Hall... Foreshadowing. The fire in Edward Rochester's room (Chapter 15) foreshadows the fire that burns down Thornfield Hall and kills Rochester's insane wife, Bertha. After extinguishing the fire in Rochester's chamber, Jane tells her master that she saw a candle on the floor upon entering the room and concludes that Grace Poole set the fire. However, when Jane sees Grace Poole the next day (Chapter 16) the latter betrays no sign of guilt as she talks with Jane. Also, Rochester keeps Grace on rather than firing her. Thus, the reader has reason to suspect that another presence in the house was the cause of the fire. Whatever the case, the fire alerts the reader that danger lurks in the house. This danger could manifest itself again�and does. After Thornfield Hall burns to the ground, the host at the Rochester Arms tells her that Rochester's insane wife, Bertha, set the fire: She had a woman to take care of her called �an able woman in her line, and very trustworthy, but for one fault�a fault common to a deal of them nurses and matrons�she kept a private bottle of gin by her, and now and then took a drop over-much. It is excusable, for she had a hard life of it: but still it was dangerous; for when Mrs. Poole was fast asleep after the gin and water, the mad lady, who was as cunning as a witch, would take the keys out of her pocket, let herself out of her chamber, and go roaming about the house, doing any wild mischief that came into her head. They say she had nearly burnt her husband in his bed once: but I don't know about that. However, on this night, she set fire first to the hangings of the room next her own, and then she got down to a lower storey, and made her way to the chamber that had been the governess's. and she kindled the bed there. Bront�'s Descriptions. Bront� writes descriptions with syntactical grace and striking imagery, as in the following passage: A splendid Midsummer shone over England: skies so pure, suns so radiant as were then seen in long succession, seldom favour even singly, our wave-girt land. It was as if a band of Italian days had come from the South, like a flock of glorious passenger birds, and lighted to rest them on the cliffs of Albion. The hay was all got in; the fields round Thornfield were green and shorn; the roads white and baked; the trees were in their dark prime; hedge and wood, full-leaved and deeply tinted, contrasted well with the sunny hue of the cleared meadows between. The first sentence of this passage rings with alliteration: s plendid, Mid s ummer, s kies, s o, s uns, s een s uc c ession, s eldom, s ingly. The second sentence presents a simile in which Italian days become birds. The first clause of the third sentence departs from the airy lyricism of the first two sentences: The hay was all got in�a welcome relief. The passage finishes with a description of hues and shades and other characteristics of the scene Jane Eyre sees. Here is another example of a descriptive passage, in which Jane tells of the Rivers sisters and their home: I liked to read what they liked to read: what they enjoyed, delighted me; what they approved, I reverenced. They loved their sequestered home. I, too, in the grey, small, antique structure, with its low roof, its latticed casements, its mouldering walls, its avenue of aged firs�all grown aslant under the stress of mountain winds; its garden, dark with yew and holly�and where no flowers but of the hardiest species would bloom�found a charm both potent and permanent. They clung to the purple moors behind and around their dwelling�to the hollow vale into which the pebbly bridle-path leading from their gate descended, and which wound between fern-banks first, and then amongst a few of the wildest little pasture-fields that ever bordered a wilderness of heath, or gave sustenance to a flock of grey moorland sheep, with their little mossy-faced lambs:�they clung to this scene, I say, with a perfect enthusiasm of attachment. To maintain intimacy with the reader, the narrator sometimes addresses him or her directly, as in this sentence: �Why have I alluded to this man? I have alluded to him, Reader, because I think I see in him an intellect profounder and more unique than his contemporaries have yet recognised. She also sometimes addresses herself, a technique that enables her to reveal an objective, unbiased voice within her that lends credibility to her self-evaluations: �Listen, then, Jane Eyre, to your sentence: to-morrow, place the glass before you, and draw in chalk your own picture, faithfully, without softening one defect; omit no harsh line, smooth away no displeasing irregularity; write under it, Portrait of a Governess, disconnected, poor, and plain. To help maintain suspense or provide transition, the narrator frequently introduces unexplained occurrences, such as the strange light on the wall in Gateshead Hall, the unearthly laughter at Thornfield Hall, and the �voices" that guide her... Allusions Charlotte Bront� includes many allusions in her narration. Following are examples: Chapter 8: We feasted that evening as on nectar and ambrosia; and not the least delight of the entertainment was the smile of gratification with which our hostess regarded us, as we satisfied our famished appetites on the delicate fare she liberally supplied. In Greek mythology, nectar was the drink of the gods, and ambrosia their food. Both conferred immortality on the consumer. Nectar and ambrosia became synonyms for any delicious drink (nectar) and any delicious food (ambrosia. Chapter 8: That night, on going to bed, I forgot to prepare in imagination the Barmecide supper of hot roast potatoes, or white bread and new milk, with which I was wont to amuse my inward cravings. A Barmecide is an imaginary or pretended banquet. Barmecide was the name of a prince in The Arabian Nights who served a beggar a "feast" consisting of empty dishes. Chapter 16: Reason having come forward and told, in her own quiet way a plain, unvarnished tale, showing how I had rejected the real, and rabidly devoured the ideal. Plain, unvarnished tale recalls a line written by Shakespeare in Othello: I will a round unvarnish�d tale deliver" 1. 3. 104. Othello is defending himself against accusations that he abducted Desdmona, the daughter of a Venetian senator, saying he will tell the whole truth ( round unvarnish�d tale. Chapter 19: The library looked tranquil enough as I entered it, and the Sibyl �if Sibyl she were�was seated snugly enough in an easy-chair at the chimney-corner. " In ancient Greek literature and mythology, a sibyl was a very old woman who prophesied or told fortunes; sibyl was a title, not a name. In the sentence above from Jane Eyre, the narrator is referring to Rochester disguised as a gipsy fortuneteller. Chapter 25: I thought sometimes I saw beyond its wild waters a shore, sweet as the hills of Beulah; and now and then a freshening gale, wakened by hope, bore my spirit triumphantly towards the bourne. Beulah is a reference to a land of peace and contentment in Pilgrim's Progress, by John Bunyan (1628-1688. Chapter 27: In the servants' hall two coachmen and three gentlemen's gentlemen stood or sat round the fire; the abigails, I suppose, were upstairs with their mistresses; the new servants, that had been hired from Millcote, were bustling about everywhere. Abigail is the name of a maid in The Scornful Lady, a play by Francis Beaumont (1585-1616) and John Fletcher (1579-1625. The word abigail (with a lower-case a) was later used as a synonym for maid. Questions and Essay Topics 1. Like the fictional Jane Eyre, Charlotte Bront� went away to school, returned to the same school to teach, served for a time as a governess, received a proposal of marriage from a minister (in fact, two ministers) learned to speak French, and eventually married the man of her choice. Write an informative essay comparing and contrasting the fictional Jane with the real-life Charlotte. Include in your essay a discussion of the background similarities already mentioned, as well as others that your research reveals. In addition, present information on the dissimilarities between Jane and Charlotte. Finally, compare and contrast their personalities, beliefs, and attitudes. 2. Although Jane Eyre is a romance novel, Charlotte Bront� brings to the book as much realism as idealism. For example, rather than presenting pretty cardboard cutouts as her main characters, Bront� gives us imperfect specimens of humanity: plain-looking Jane Eyre, a lowly orphan, and coarse-featured Edward Rochester, a gruff landowner. What are other examples of realism in the novel? What are examples of idealism? 3. What is Jane Eyre's most admirable quality? 4. While preaching biblical principles, Mr. Brocklehurst embezzles funds intended for the children of Lowood Ophan Asylum. Are there many Brocklehursts in the world today? Document your answer. 5. Do you believe St. John Rivers should have married Rosamond Oliver? Explain your answer. 6. In what ways does Edward Rochester "see" more clearly after losing one eye and temporarily losing the sight in another? 7. In what ways does Rochester resemble the classical tragic hero of ancient Greek plays? 8. Explain the following passage which appears in Chapter 26, after Richard Mason reveals that Rochester is already married: A Christmas frost had come at midsummer; a white December storm had whirled over June; ice glazed the ripe apples, drifts crushed the blowing roses; on hayfield and cornfield lay a frozen shroud: lanes which last night blushed full of flowers, to-day were pathless with untrodden snow; and the woods, which twelve hours since waved leafy and flagrant as groves between the tropics, now spread, waste, wild, and white as pine-forests in wintry Norway.
Jane eyre chapter 34. Jane eyre juliet stevenson. Jane eyre full movie. Jane être consulté. Jane eyre novel. Jane eyre film. Jane eyre book. Jane être plus. Jane Eyre Jane is the central character of the novel. She narrates the story about her life starting from the childhood, gradually leading to the present time. The story follows her development from an unruly child to intelligent young woman. Her character is created to defy Victorian imposed social conventions that oppress and belittle women. Jane speaks in the name of all women in the 19 th century who were condemned to passive lives of obedient housewives. Her intelligence, independency and determination lead her straight to her happiness. She knows what she wants and she fights for it, disregarding the conventions. Jane has more moral than any other socially acceptable character in the novel, since she has a pure heart and a real faith in God, unlike boastful ladies and gentlemen with social status and horrible hidden secrets. Edward Rochester If it wasn't for his sinful past, Edward Rochester would be Jane's perfect match, since he is another character who defies hypocritical society. Although it seems that these two characters are quite different, they are both in pursue of true virtues. Rochester is not a handsome man, but his masculinity compensates for it. He is intelligent and witty, capable of all kinds of pranks that serve to entertain, or mock, or even show affection. Unlike Jane, who is introvert and modest, Rochester leads an active, busy life. He is surrounded by people from high rank, and although they appreciate him, he actually consider them fools. Mrs. Reed Mrs. Reed is Jane's aunt, the first on the list of villains in Jane Eyre. She disobeyed the last wish of her husband to raise Jane as her own child, invoking a curse upon her own family. She hates Jane so much that she allows her children to molest her. As if it was not enough, she sends Jane to Lowood just to get rid of her, and tries to stand on the way of Jane's happiness. Eventually, Mrs. Reed ends her life the way she deserved- with the burden of guilt, watching her own family fall apart. Bertha Mason Represented as a monster, Bertha Mason is the most Gothic and most frightening character in the book, standing side by side with Jane Eyre when it comes to their importance in the novel. Bertha represents womanhood of the 19 th century, implying that women were imprisoned in their houses and owned by their men. They were ghostly figures deprived of free will. Also, Berta is the victim of repressed feelings, she is everything that society cannot handle and therefore she is hidden so that she does not spoil the picture of functional and happy society. St. John Rivers He is Rochester's rival, although they do not meet nor they have any kind of contact throughout the novel. The only thing they have in common is that they both want Jane for a wife. Also, St. John is Rochester's antithesis. He is handsome, blond, quiet and moral person. However, he is cold, almost heartless, which makes him unattractive to Jane. Although he is a priest, St. John has not gain the spiritual peace, making his religiousness treacherous. Mary and Diana Rivers They are St. John's sisters and Jane's cousins. It is obvious that John, Mary and Diana are contrastive to John, Georgiana and Eliza. The Reeds tried to ruin Jane's life, while the Rivers saved it. Mary and Diana are kind, intelligent and independent women who serve as a model to Jane. Mr. Brocklehurst The founder of Lowood who presents himself as a genuine benefactor and true Christian is actually an embodiment of religious and social hypocrisy. While girls in Lowood are deprived of the life essentials- water, food and warm accommodation, all in the name of God, Mr. Brocklehurst has a fancy lifestyle and dresses his wife and children in fur and silk. Helen Burns Helen is Jane's friend from Lowood. She is a representative of all other orphan girls who willingly accept the imposed rules. Helen blindly obeys each punishment or command from superiors, not questioning their rightness. She truly believes that the religion preached at Lowood is genuine Christianity that will lead her to God. Little does she knows about the evil and hypocrisy in this world. John Reed John is Jane's cousin whose mission is, or so it seems, to make Jane's days in Gateshead bitter. Influenced by his mother, her grows up spoiled and sly, imbued with hatred toward Jane, believing that his wealth makes him superior. Nevertheless, he does not know how to take the advantage of his "superiority" and his faulty lifestyle sends him to grave too soon. Eliza and Georgiana Reed John's sisters are somewhat less mean to Jane, but still malicious. They are also taught by their mother, Mrs. Reed, that Jane is much lower in rank, so they treat her like she is worthless. However, a bad blood between them separates these sisters forever. Miss Temple A personification of her last name, Miss Temple is the only kind teacher in Lowood, full of love and understanding for girls. She is kind and generous, committed to her job, a bright spot in Lowood. Miss Blanche Ingram Beautiful and young, high in rank and wealthy, Blanche is not just socially accepted, but desirable in men's company. However, Blanche is shallow as a person and the gold-digger who does not seek, nor appreciate true virtues. Her only mission is to get married to a rich men who can provide her luxurious lifestyle. Adèle Varens Adèle Rochester's putative father and Jane's pupil at Thornfield Hall. Jane is very fond of this girl, whose destiny remind her of her own childhood, therefore, she fights for Adèle's wellbeing. Unlike Jane, Adèle is vivacious. Mrs. Fairfax Mrs. Fairfax is kind old lady who takes care of Thornfield. She is the one who hired Jane as a governess to Adèle. Mrs. Fairfax is first one to warn Jane about her future marriage to Rochester. Grace Pool Although not very active character in the novel, her name is often mentioned. Grace is the servant who takes care of Bertha. In order to keep the secret safe from the Jane and guests of Thornfield Hall, every excess that Bertha commits is attributed to Grace's deeds.
Jane eyre audiobook. Nominated for 1 Oscar. Another 10 wins & 15 nominations. See more awards » Learn more More Like This Drama, Romance 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8. 3 / 10 X A young governess falls in love with her brooding and complex master. However, his dark past may destroy their relationship forever. Stars: Ruth Wilson, Toby Stephens, Lorraine Ashbourne 7. 8 / 10 Sparks fly when spirited Elizabeth Bennet meets single, rich, and proud Mr. Darcy. But Mr. Darcy reluctantly finds himself falling in love with a woman beneath his class. Can each overcome his or her own pride and prejudice? Director: Joe Wright Keira Knightley, Matthew Macfadyen, Brenda Blethyn Biography 7. 1 / 10 A biographical portrait of a pre-fame Jane Austen and her romance with a young Irishman. Julian Jarrold Anne Hathaway, James McAvoy, Julie Walters 7. 6 / 10 Rich Mr. Dashwood (Tom Wilkinson) dies, leaving his second wife and her three daughters poor by the rules of inheritance. The two eldest daughters are the title opposites. Ang Lee Emma Thompson, Kate Winslet, James Fleet History 7. 3 / 10 A dramatization of the turbulent first years of Queen Victoria's rule, and her enduring romance with Prince Albert. Jean-Marc Vallée Emily Blunt, Rupert Friend, Paul Bettany 6. 6 / 10 In late-19th-century Russian high society, St. Petersburg aristocrat Anna Karenina enters into a life-changing affair with the dashing Count Alexei Vronsky. Jude Law, Aaron Taylor-Johnson 6. 9 / 10 A chronicle of the life of 18th-century aristocrat Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, who was reviled for her extravagant political and personal life. Saul Dibb Ralph Fiennes, Dominic Cooper 7. 5 / 10 Royal Navy captain Wentworth was haughtily turned down eight years ago as suitor of pompous baronet Sir Walter Elliot's daughter Anne, despite true love. Now he visits their former seaside. See full summary » Adrian Shergold Sally Hawkins, Alice Krige, Anthony Head 8. 9 / 10 While the arrival of wealthy gentlemen sends her marriage-minded mother into a frenzy, willful and opinionated Elizabeth Bennet matches wits with haughty Mr. Darcy. Colin Firth, Jennifer Ehle, Susannah Harker Mystery Fledgling writer Briony Tallis, as a thirteen-year-old, irrevocably changes the course of several lives when she accuses her older sister's lover of a crime he did not commit. Emma (TV Mini-Series 2009) Comedy 8. 1 / 10 Emma Woodhouse (Romola Garai) seems to be perfectly content, to have a loving father for whom she cares, friends, and a home. But Emma has a terrible habit, matchmaking. She cannot resist. See full summary » Romola Garai, Michael Gambon, Jonny Lee Miller While matchmaking for friends and neighbours, a young 19th Century Englishwoman nearly misses her own chance at love. Douglas McGrath Gwyneth Paltrow, James Cosmo, Greta Scacchi Edit Storyline After a bleak childhood, Jane Eyre (Mia Wasikowska) goes out into the world to become a governess. As she lives happily in her new position at Thornfield Hall, she meets the dark, cold, and abrupt master of the house, Mr. Edward Rochester (Michael Fassbender. Jane and her employer grow close in friendship and she soon finds herself falling in love with him. Happiness seems to have found Jane at last, but could Mr. Rochester's terrible secret be about to destroy it forever? Written by Mel Bellis in the U. K. Plot Summary Plot Synopsis Taglines: She sought refuge. and found a place haunted by secrets. Motion Picture Rating ( MPAA) Rated PG-13 for some thematic elements including a nude image and brief violent content See all certifications » Details Release Date: 22 April 2011 (USA) See more » Box Office Opening Weekend USA: 182, 885, 13 March 2011 Cumulative Worldwide Gross: 34, 710, 627 See more on IMDbPro » Company Credits Technical Specs See full technical specs » Did You Know? Trivia To help create the gothic atmosphere present in this movie, many shots were lit exclusively by firelight or candlelight. See more » Goofs During the first meeting between Mrs Fairfax, Mr Rochester and Jane Eyre; Mrs Fairfax serves tea and then sits down with her cup. The cup she is holding is clearly empty. See more » Quotes Mrs. Fairfax: No one knows how it started. I expect that Mrs. Poole took too much of the Gin and water as she slept the lady, Mrs. Rochester, unlocked the keys. She did what she failed to do a year ago, set the whole place to fire. We would have all perished in the smoke but Mister Rochester would not rest until we were all safe. Then he went in for her. The flames were tearing up so high it brought men running from the village. I saw her standing on the roof, the very edge. I heard Mister Rochester beg her... See more » Connections Version of Jane Eyre (1934) Soundtracks Piano Sonata No. 4 In E Flat Major, Op. 7, First Movement: Allegro Molto E Con Brio' 1796) Composed by Ludwig van Beethoven Performed by Dario Marianelli See more » Frequently Asked Questions See more ».
Jane eyre 1983 soundtrack. Jane eyre by charlotte bronte. Jane eyre pdf. Jane eyre musical. Jane eyre themes. Jane eyre 1997. Jane Eyre, novel by Charlotte Brontë, first published in 1847 as Jane Eyre: An Autobiography, with Currer Bell listed as the editor. Widely considered a classic, it gave new truthfulness to the Victorian novel with its realistic portrayal of the inner life of a woman, noting her struggles with her natural desires and social condition. scene from Jane Eyre (From left) John Abbott, Orson Welles, and Joan Fontaine in Jane Eyre (1943) directed by Robert Stevenson. 1943 Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation Summary When the novel begins, the title character is a 10-year-old orphan who lives with her uncles family; her parents had died of typhus. Other than the nursemaid, the family ostracizes Jane. She is later sent to the austere Lowood Institution, a charity school, where she and the other girls are mistreated; “Lowood, ” as the name suggests, is the “low” point in Janes young life. In the face of such adversity, however, she gathers strength and confidence. In early adulthood, after several years as a student and then teacher at Lowood, Jane musters the courage to leave. She finds work as a governess at Thornfield Hall, where she meets her dashing and Byronic employer, the wealthy and impetuous Edward Rochester. At Thornfield Jane looks after young Adèle, the daughter of a French dancer who was one of Rochesters mistresses, and is befriended by the kindly housekeeper Mrs. Alice Fairfax. Jane falls in love with Rochester, though he is expected to marry the snobbish and socially prominent Blanche Ingram. Rochester eventually reciprocates Janes feelings and proposes marriage. However, on their wedding day, Jane discovers that Rochester cannot legally marry her, because he already has a wife, Bertha Mason, who has gone mad and is locked away on the third floor because of her violent behaviour; her presence explains the strange noises Jane has heard in the mansion. Believing that he was tricked into that marriage, Rochester feels justified in pursuing his relationship with Jane. He pleads with her to join him in France, where they can live as husband and wife despite the legal prohibitions, but Jane refuses on principle and flees Thornfield. Jane is taken in by people she later discovers are her cousins. One of them is St. John, a principled clergyman. He gives her a job and soon proposes marriage, suggesting that she join him as a missionary in India. Jane initially agrees to leave with him but not as his wife. However, St. John pressures her to reconsider his proposal, and a wavering Jane finally appeals to Heaven to show her what to do. Just then, she hears a mesmeric call from Rochester. Jane returns to Thornfield to find the estate burned, set on fire by Rochesters wife, who then jumped to her death. Rochester, in an attempt to save her, was blinded. Reunited, Jane and Rochester marry. Rochester later regains some of his sight, and the couple have a son. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today Publication and analysis The book was originally published in three volumes as Jane Eyre: An Autobiography, with Currer Bell listed as the editor. (The Lowood section of the novel was widely believed to be inspired by Charlotte Brontës own life. Though some complained that it was anti- Catholic, the work was an immediate success. Jane Eyre s appeal was partly due to the fact that it was written in the first person and often addressed the reader, creating great immediacy. In addition, Jane is an unconventional heroine, an independent and self-reliant woman who overcomes both adversity and societal norms. The novel also notably blended diverse genres. Janes choice between sexual need and ethical duty belongs very firmly to the mode of moral realism. However, her close escape from a bigamous marriage and the fiery death of Bertha are part of the Gothic tradition. Brontë, Charlotte A portrait of Charlotte Brontë, based on a chalk pastel by George Richmond. Jane Eyre inspired various film, TV, and stage adaptations, including a 1943 movie that starred Orson Welles as Rochester and Joan Fontaine as Jane. Jean Rhys s novel Wide Sargasso Sea (1966) offers an account of Rochesters first marriage. Vybarr Cregan-Reid The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.
"Do you think I can stay to become nothing to you? Do you think I am an automaton? — a machine without feelings? and can bear to have my morsel of bread snatched from my lips, and my drop of living water dashed from my cup? Do you think, because I am poor, obscure, plain, and little, I am soulless and heartless? You think wrong! — I have as much a soul as you, — and full as much heart! And if God had gifted me with some beauty and much wealth, I should have made it as hard for you to leave me, as it is now for me to leave you. I am not talking to you now through the medium of custom, conventionalities, nor even of mortal flesh — it is my spirit that addresses your spirit; just as if both had passed through the grave, and we stood at God's feet, equal, — as we are. — Jane The archetypal Gothic romance novel by Charlotte Brontë. First published in 1847. Jane Eyre is an unloved orphan sent to a grueling boarding school, Lowood, by her aunt who dislikes her fiery wit and sharp tongue (and the fact that her husband appeared to love his sister, Jane's mother, more than his own family. She's put through the wringer several times over there and emerges as a solemnly quiet person, but is just as free-spirited inside as she was before she went in. It is this spirit that causes her to long for adventure and new pastures, and she accepts a job as the governess of a young girl named Adèle, who lives with Mrs. Fairfax and the little-seen Mr. Edward Rochester at Thornfield Hall. But it is not until after a chance encounter with Mr. Rochester that Jane's curiosity is sparked. Mr. Rochester's bluntness and moodiness, rather than turning her off, make her even more intrigued about him, and it appears that her initial curiosity is growing into something more. But there are also sinister shadows lurking at Thornfield Hall: in the middle of one night, after hearing spooky laughter, Jane finds that Mr. Rochester's bed curtains have been set on fire. She puts them out in time to save his life. Rochester claims that Grace Poole, a servant, was responsible, but the fact that he does not fire her suggests that there is more to the situation than he's letting Jane in on. He's also spending an awfully large amount of his time with Jane. Then Mr. Rochester leaves Thornfield for several weeks, returning with a flock of rich gentlemen and women, and walking together with the comely but snobbish Blanche Ingram. Jane is distressed at the sight of Rochester with Ingram, mainly because she knows that he does not truly love the rich socialite. But it turns out that Mr. Rochester never intended to marry Ingram: he staged his courtship only to make Jane jealous and admit her feelings for him. He proposes to Jane, who readily accepts. But the shadows at Thornfield Hall are not going to let her win her love that easily, as Jane is about to find out on her wedding day. Jane Eyre has numerous film and TV adaptations. There was also a critically acclaimed musical adaptation in 2000 with songs by Paul Gordon and a balletic version developed by the American Ballet Theatre in 2019. It even was the inspiration behind Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca and an external prequel, Wide Sargasso Sea, was written by Jean Rhys that focused on the primary "antagonist's" descent into madness. There is also an external sequel, Jane Rochester, by Kimberly A. Bennett. Rochester, by J. L. Niemann, is erotica from Mr. Rochester's POV. Jane, by April Lindner, sets the story in the modern day and asks: What if Jane Eyre fell in love with a rock star. Jenna Starborn, by Sharon Shinn, is a science fiction retelling of the story which features "Jenna" Jane) as a clone commissioned and then abandoned by Mrs. Reed. The Autobiography of Jane Eyre is a webseries set in the modern day Canada, inspired by The Lizzie Bennet Diaries. The classic 1943 horror film I Walked with a Zombie is a retelling of Jane Eyre set in the Caribbean and with zombies, almost 70 years before Pride and Prejudice and Zombies debuted. The following tropes reveal the plot, and major spoilers are left visible and unmarked. Reader, Jane used these tropes: Age-Gap Romance: When they fall in love, Jane Eyre is 18 and Mr Rochester is about twenty years older. Another problem is the Uptown Girl aspect of the relationship because she is a governess and he is a rich gentleman. Both issues are addressed within the narrative and by the characters. "Mr. Rochester was about forty, and this governess not twenty; and you see, when gentlemen of his age fall in love with girls, they are often like as if they were bewitched. Ambiguous Disorder: Bertha. From what little we see of her (and from what Rochester tells us of her behavior) some symptoms suggest suggests hypermania, some severe dementia, and some is like very severe autism — though that was hardly going to have developed in adulthood. It doesn't help that her description sounds like she's badly neglected- however difficult she is, Grace could at least do something with her hair. Justified, as this was long before any modern language about mental illness was in use even by experts. An Arm and a Leg: Mr Rochester is badly hurt when there is a fire at Thornfield. One hand is so crushed that a surgeon has to amputate it. As the Good Book Says. The novel contains a great deal of Biblical allusions. Given that the author was the daughter of an Anglican clergyman, these inclusions aren't too surprising. Babies Ever After: The novel ends shortly after Jane announces the birth of Jane and Mr Rochester's first child. Bilingual Dialogue: Adèle often speaks in (untranslated) French, to which Jane responds in English. Diana & Mary Rivers discuss an untranslated line of German (from Schiller's "Die Räuber" a "Sturm und Drang" play. So, while Brontë keeps the melodrama plausible, the characters read more melodramatic stuff (in multiple languages. Boarding School of Horrors: Zigzagged. Jane spends quite an amount of time telling the reader of all the horrible aspects of Lowood such as ever-present coldness in the winter, poor meals during and a few stern teachers. Subverted in that Jane loves getting an education and she makes a few great friends. In fact Jane quickly considers Lowood more of a home than Gateshead ever was. When the poor food causes a typhus outbreak that kills a large group of students, including daughters of influential families, the outside world finds out about the horrors going on at the school, condemns the culprits, and puts the school under better management. Break the Haughty: Rochester is crippled and blind by the novel's end. An example of a Byronic Hero having to be humbled and broken before he can let the Love of a Good Woman redeem him. Breaking the Fourth Wall: Jane regularly addresses the reader in her narrative, which is perhaps not that unusual in a story told in the form of a memoir, but at one point Jane, within the narrative, promises Mr. Rochester that something will happen before the end of the chapter. Byronic Hero: Mr. Rochester is a classic example: brooding, ill-tempered, sarcastic, often rude but with a hidden heart of gold; a somewhat mysterious man with a Dark and Troubled Past. Calling the Old Man Out: Calling the aunt out. Little Jane (about 10 years old. tears Mrs Reed apart. Mrs Reed is Jane's abusive guardian. Jane: I am not deceitful: if I were, I should say I loved you; but I declare I do not love you: I dislike you the worst of anybody in the world except John Reed; and this book about the liar, you may give to your girl, Georgiana, for it is she who tells lies, and not I. Mrs Reed: What more have you to say? Jane: I am glad you are no relation of mine: I will never call you aunt again as long as I live. I will never come to see you when I am grown up; and if any one asks me how I liked you, and how you treated me, I will say the very thought of you makes me sick, and that you treated me with miserable cruelty. Mrs Reed: How dare you affirm that, Jane Eyre? Jane: How dare I, Mrs. Reed? How dare I? Because it is the truth. You think I have no feelings, and that I can do without one bit of love or kindness; but I cannot live so: and you have no pity. I shall remember how you thrust me back—roughly and violently thrust me back—into the red-room, and locked me up there, to my dying day; though I was in agony; though I cried out, while suffocating with distress, Have mercy! Have mercy, Aunt Reed. And that punishment you made me suffer because your wicked boy struck me — knocked me down for nothing. I will tell anybody who asks me questions, this exact tale. People think you a good woman, but you are bad, hard-hearted. You are deceitful! The Caretaker: What Grace Poole turns out to secretly be for Bertha, Mr. Rochester's living but crazy wife. Additionally, Jane herself becomes this for Mr. Rochester, who lost a hand, an eye, and the sight in the other eye for years. Changeling Fantasy: Jane's orphaned family treated her cruelly, but much later on, a blood relative bequeaths her in his will a small fortune of 20, 000 pounds. She splits it up among her new-found relatives (her cousins St. John, Mary and Diana) so she ends up with 5, 000 pounds, which is worth about 500, 000 pounds now. Cinderella Circumstances: Zig-zagged with Jane. She starts out relatively well-off but is treated horribly by her aunt and cousins, ends up in a poorly run school where some of the students die from illness because of the bad conditions. Then she becomes a governess and falls in love with her employer and almost marries him, only for unforeseen circumstances resulting in the wedding being called off, runs away and ends up homeless before being taken in by a priest and his sisters and becoming a teacher. Then she is bequeathed a large sum of money in the will of her uncle and becomes very wealthy in her own right. And then she married her one true love. Cool Teacher: Miss Maria Temple, whom Jane as an adult counts as one of her dearest friends. Coming-of-Age Story: For Jane, with the story following her from childhood to young adulthood. Contrived Coincidence: She just happens to collapse from exhaustion on the doorstep of her long-lost cousins. Creature of Habit: The adult Eliza Reed. Curtains Match the Window: Rochester describes Jane as having "hazel eyes and hazel hair. She informs the audience that she, in fact, has green eyes and dark blonde hair. Dean Bitterman: Mr. Brocklehurst. He is not only the headmaster but the treasurer of a charity school for girls, and he appears to relish publicly humiliating the young women in his care for such horrific sins as having naturally curly hair. When his own wife and daughters troop in, however, they are shown to be expensively dressed, complete with stylish false curls. Even worse, Brocklehurst's insistence on the lowest-quality food contributes to a typhus epidemic that kills a large portion of the student body. Deathbed Confession: Mrs. Reed's. When Jane was fifteen, a wealthy uncle wrote to Mrs. Reed and said that he wished to adopt her. Mrs. Reed, out of spite because of Jane's calling her out on her cruelty earlier, wrote back that Jane had died in the epidemic at Lowood School. She is still resentful of Jane's outburst, but Jane forgives her so that she can die in peace. Deus ex Machina: Just when it looks as if Jane will break under St. John's tenacious pressure to marry him, she calls to God for guidance and God apparently transports Mr. Rochester's voice across England right to Jane's ear, whence she decides Rochester is the man she is meant to be with. Did You Think I Can't Feel. Rochester deliberately provokes Jane into this: constantly gushing about his upcoming marriage to this woman who is not suited to him, and he knows it and Jane knows it, but Jane has no power to speak up because she's a governess, and in no way equal to Rochester's apparent intended. Jane takes this to awesome levels. Divided for Publication: It takes the Victorian three-volume novel format where the story was split into three sections. In the 19th century, the business model was to use the first volume to get people interested in the second and third parts, and thus extract more money per story. Does Not Like Men: Jane initially, though to be fair, her only male contacts prior to moving to Thornfield were John Reed and Mr. She changes her tune after meeting Mr. Rochester. Drama Bomb: Jane and Mr. Rochester's wedding, take one. He's already married and almost becomes a bigamist. Dream Sequence: Jane has a vivid dream after Rochester asks her to shack up with him even though he's still legally married to Bertha, where she hears a message from either the spirit of her dead mom, or the Moon Goddess herself: My daughter, flee temptation! Mother, I will. Driven to Suicide: John Reed. He shot himself because he had great debts from gambling and his mother couldn't support him any more. Eye Scream: Mr. Rochester loses an eye in a fire. The Fair Folk: Mr Rochester seems to see Jane as a fairy, constantly calling her a pixie, sprite, etcetera — but just wild, not evil or malicious. Her actions and personality are the exact opposite, but she lets him talk and tease her. Fat Bastard: John Reed is fed FAR too much by his mother. It's also virtually impossible to find him sympathetic. it's specifically mentioned in an early chapter how his lips are so big his mother fears they'll prevent him from finding a wife. Jane describes the adult Georgiana as having two distinguishing features: being a Big Beautiful Woman, and being extremely lazy and selfish. French Jerk: Adèle's biological mother who cheated on her lover and abandoned her little child. Good Adultery, Bad Adultery: Mr Rochester had a love affair with Céline Varens, a French ballerina, and he supported her. They lived together and she cheated on him, talking nastily about him to her second lover. She was just a French Jerk, not worthy of his love. It cured him rather quickly. Have a Gay Old Time: Ejaculate" is used as a Said Bookism several times. "The sleepers were all aroused: ejaculations, terrified murmurs sounded in every room. The clock struck eight strokes. It aroused him; he uncrossed his legs, sat erect, turned to me. Hypocrite: Mr. Brocklehurst demands that his students at Lowood live as practical ascetics yet has super-spoiled daughters and wife. Jane is considerably less harsh in her attitude toward St. John despite him holding similar views to Brocklehurst on worldly pleasures and discipline because he at least walks the talk and doesn't force others to do anything he isn't willing to do himself. I Am Not Pretty: Jane frequently comments on her plainness, as do other characters, especially when she's a child. This may in part because Jane does not resemble the nineteenth century ideal beautiful woman, who was blonde, blue-eyed and full-bodied. Rochester, who describes his intended, Blanche Ingram, as a big strapper, seems to genuinely prefer Jane's looks. I Am What I Am: From Jane, after walking away from her best (and only) friend in the world. I care for myself. The more solitary, the more friendless, the more unsustained I am, the more I will respect myself. Idiot Ball: Handled by the smart girl Jane twice. When she abandons Thornfield in the middle of the night, bringing no money and only a few days' worth of food with her, and losing even that almost immediately. While in hiding and living under an alias, she just happens to write her real name on a sheet of paper, leaving out in plain view where St. John can see it. Fortunately it ends up working in her favor. I Just Want to Have Friends: Jane is so desperate for love and affection that she tells Helen Burns she'd happily let herself be kicked in the chest by a horse if it meant Helen and the Headmistress would care for her. Helen then shushes Jane and tells her to put more faith in God than in human companions. I Should Write a Book About This: Not actually said, but the book's subtitle is "An Autobiography. Jane addresses the reader several times. Incurable Cough of Death: What Helen Burns dies of. Otherwise known as tuberculosis (or consumption in Victorian times) a particularly gruesome way to die in pre-antibiotic days, as your lungs slowly fill with fluid and you literally drown. I Need a Freaking Drink: When Mr Rochester hears from Jane that Mr Mason arrived to Thornfield, he says that it's a blow, and asks Jane to bring him a glass of wine. She does and he promptly swallows the contents. Informed Attribute: St John is described as a much kinder person than some of his actions indicate. For example, the night after Jane turns down his (loveless) proposal of marriage, he pointedly refuses to acknowledge her after kissing his sisters. She describes their subsequent interactions as "refined torture" and even implies there was a part of him that took pleasure in that. In the Blood: Bertha's insanity is implied to run in the family. Insane Equals Violent: Bertha. She tries to burn people, bites their flesh and sucks their blood, and she also fights violently. Instant Messenger Pigeon: A local boy comes at night to ask St. John to visit his dying mother. Hannah says the road over the bog is too dangerous to travel at night, and advises St. John to send word that he will go the next morning. How does Hannah expect St. John to "send word" if the road is too dangerous? Karma Houdini: Subverted. At the beginning of the book, Jane has an inner monologue where she thinks how her cousins constantly harrass her with no repercussions; they're also allowed to misbehave in general without ever being punished. Then, she goes for school, leaving the Reeds rich, respected in society and apparently set to still be Karma Houdinis for a long time. When we hear from then again, still going strong. But then we learn they've lost their fortune, John has failed at university and eventually committed suicide, Mrs Reed is dying, and Georgiana no longer has the same matrimonial prospects as before. Only Eliza has done well, in kind of an esoteric fashion; she responds to family chaos by becoming obsessed with order and schedules, and later becomes a nun, not because she loves God but because she wants to cut off her emotions. note Kick the Dog: The Hon. Miss Blanche Ingram, in addition to all her snubs against Jane, truly puts herself on the despicable list by the spiteful and mocking way she treats Adèle, Mr. Rochester's ward. Kick the Son of a Bitch: Because Blanche is after money and position and because she is extremely rude to Jane, Rochester's callous treatment of Blanche's hopes for marriage at the age of twenty-five are not lingered on long. Kissing Cousins: St. John proposes to his first cousin Jane that they get married and become missionaries in India. At the time, marriage between first cousins was not considered incestuous - indeed, only a few years before publication Queen Victoria married her First Cousin, Prince Albert and few people batted an eye about it. St. John is handsome, but neither he nor Jane find each other physically desirable, although Jane actually has a wobble on this point and comes close to giving in shortly before she is drawn back to Rochester. Language Barrier: Adèle and her nurse Sophie speak only French when Jane arrives at Thornfield. It's stated that they both felt lonely while Mr Rochester, who was the only one who could speak French and interpret for them, was absent. Adèle is happy when Jane, who can also speak French, arrives. Jane makes attempts to talk to Adèle's nurse, but she's cold towards her and doesn't really want Jane close. Laughing Mad: Jane keeps hearing mysterious fits of laughter. It is Bertha Rochester, the one and only, the original madwoman in the attic. Let the Past Burn: Mr Rochester's first wife sets his house ablaze, and the shame of his dark secret (her existence) is burned along with it. A Lighter Shade of Black: Eliza Reed, compared to her Attention Whore sister and Jerkass brother and mother. While not exactly nice to Jane, she treats her civilly enough, and their last conversation after Mrs. Reed's death is probably the closest Jane ever comes to being shown affection by the Reed family. Loved I Not Honor More: Jane refusing to be Mr. Rochester's mistress if she can't become his wife. Love Redeems: A complicated case. Rochester's intent to marry Jane is sinful due to his marriage, but after his wife dies by way of accendent or perhaps suicide, Jane's loving guidance brings him back to morality. Madwoman in the Attic: Various mysterious events around Thornfield Hall are revealed to be due to the presence of Bertha, Rochester's mad wife, hidden away in the attic. Bertha is pretty much the Trope Maker, and is unquestionably the Trope Codifier. Mama's Baby, Papa's Maybe: Rochester doubts, with good reason, whether Adèle is his child as his lover Celine Varens claimed. Jane doesn't see any physical resemblance. Manipulative Bastard: Rochester, who has a tendency to play with the emotions of the women around him. He plays an elaborate game with Jane so she believes he is going to marry Blanche Ingram, dresses up as a gypsy woman to draw secrets out of her, and goes so far as to pretend to find her a position in Ireland so she will break down and confess love for him first. This despite the fact that Jane is much more vulnerable than he is in terms of social standing and such a confession could come at the risk of her current position and any future prospects. He cajoles and even bullies Jane into accepting his stories about Grace Poole, so she will not find out about the wife he's keeping in the attic, making her doubt the stability of her own mind and the reliability of her senses. Her reason keeps her resolute, because these stories make no sense. Even keeping in mind that Blanche is no innocent, his behavior towards her is still questionable at best, using her and her hopes of a good marriage as a tool. Rochester never mentions anything she did that requires that sort of retribution other than being proud. Also she is twenty-five so she's getting close to being considered an Old Maid soon, thus she needs to be pursuing someone who will actually have her if she's going to be married at all. The fact that Blanche resembles his wife only makes this more suspect. To top it all off, by luring Jane into marrying him while his wife is still alive, he is effectively tricking her as badly as he was tricked by Bertha's family. Marry for Love: The match between Jane Eyre and Edward Rochester is based on mutual deep love and affection and physical desire. They truly want to be together for ever, for better or worse. Marry the Nanny: The title character is initially hired as a governess to the household of the gentleman she eventually marries. Maximum Fun Chamber: The Red Room at the Reeds' estate is the bedroom where Mr. Reed died. Jane gets locked in there for "misbehaving" and she passes out out of sheer terror. Even though she thinks of Mr. Reed's spirit as kindly disposed, she's too afraid of ghosts to want him around. Meaningful Name: The name Eyre is very likely a reference to a medieval legal term. An 'eyre' was the name of a circuit traveled by an itinerant justice, or the circuit court he presided over. Certainly Jane acts as a judge in the case of her aunt, and Mr. Although "Eyre" was also the name of one of the most powerful families in the area that Charlotte Bronte grew up in. "Thornfield" is based on North Lees hall, owned by the Eyre family and where one of the early female residents was a lunatic and confined to a padded room on the second floor. "Thorn" is an anagram of "North" and "lees" is an old word for "field. Blanche is dull and bland, or thought of as such by Jane. In addition, Blanche, a name which literally means white, is dark-haired and brown-skinned (olive complexion, dark and clear. As it turns out, she greatly resembles Rochester's wife Bertha. When Mr Rochester messes with Jane and tells her that he has found her a new position, the names of the person and the place he uses are really anything but nice-sounding. OGall and Bitternutt Lodge. Jane shrugs at the thought. If she'd been paying attention, she'd have recognized it as a farce name; the gall of bitterness" is from Acts 8:23, about a guy who tried to buy the gifts of the Holy Spirit. Missing Mom: Céline Varens, Adèle's mother. She ran away from her. Jane's own mother died when she was an infant. The Missionary: St. John aspires to be a missionary in India. Jane doesn't. The Mistress: Rochester has had a string of lovers — usually very beautiful, from high circles or well-known performers, such as Céline Varens — throughout his life, but says he's grown tired of keeping girlfriends. After their would-be wedding is busted, Rochester offers this position to Jane. Jane realizes she could not possibly live with herself in this way, and Rochester will likely grow resentful of her as he did with his earlier mistresses, and leaves him rather than stay. Hypothetical: When Mr Rochester's Operation: Jealousy is still on and Jane believes he's about to marry Blanche Ingram, he talks about Mrs Rochester and his new carriage as a present for her. (Of course, he already means Jane at this point. When Jane and Mr Rochester are engaged, he talks about her new name a lot and can't want for her to be Jane Rochester. To Jane, it sounds strange and unfitting, which foreshadows their separation. Jane: You gave me a new name — Jane Rochester; and it seems so strange. Mr Rochester: Yes, Mrs Rochester. Young Mrs Rochester — Fairfax Rochester's girl-bride. Nice to the Waiter: Jane initially thinks Mrs. Fairfax is the mistress of Thornfield and thinks she treats her especially nice. She finds out later that Mrs Fairfax is a housekeeper and just one of the servants like her. Though the housekeeper was the head of female staff. Jane concludes that Mr. Rochester is a Jerk with a Heart of Gold based on the way Mrs. Fairfax and the other servants talk of how charitable (if not intimate) he is with them. Nobility Marries Money: The expected match between Miss Rosamond Oliver and St. John Rivers is supposed to be Nobility Marries Money as well as a marriage based on mutual love and affection. Miss Oliver is an heiress, the only child of Mr. Oliver who is the proprietor of a needle-factory and iron foundry. John Rivers is a clergyman and Impoverished Patrician. Jane the narrator notes that Mr Oliver considered his good birth, old name and his respectable profession as sufficient compensation for the want of fortune. However, St. John aspires to be a missionary and he sacrifices love and domestic happiness for his lofty dream. No Celebrities Were Harmed: Mr. Brocklehurst, based on William Carus Wilson. Carus Wilson ran Cowan Bridge, the inspiration for Lowood. The descriptions were so perfect that Charlotte was pleased to report she'd overheard people talking about Jane Eyre as having "Mr. Wilson" and "the Clergy Daughters School. Wilson recognized it instantly and threatened to take legal action until Charlotte apologized and "retracted" her description of the school in a separate, unpublished document. Nevertheless, women who had been at the school at the same time as the Bronte girls confirmed Charlotte's account; their only objection was how much she had left out. No Fourth Wall: Jane addresses the reader directly many times, including in one of the book's most famous sentences, Reader, I married him. No Pronunciation Guide: St. John Rivers always trips people up: it's pronounced "Sinjin. not "Saint John. It doesn't help that the character's religious nature continually invokes saints. One-Gender School: Lowood Academy - all girl, charity" meaning everything is funded by donations) boarding school. Oops! I Forgot I Was Married: Mr. Rochester never forgot his first marriage and his wife who is very much alive, per se, but simply concealed it. Operation: Jealousy: Rochester's "engagement" with Blanche. He openly courts Blanche in front of her family and friends only to make Jane, his real object, jealous. Then he implies to Blanche that he's not as rich as generally assumed. Jane then must leave the scene and when she comes back, the match is officially over. Jane later returns the favor by telling Rochester all about St. John, and telling Rochester that they shall be together. as friends. As patient and nursemaid. She does truly love him, though, and only wants to tease him a little and make him less sad. Jealousy and anger are better than grief. Orphan's Ordeal: Jane's parents both died when she was very little. She is taken in by her maternal relatives; unfortunately, her aunt is cold and unloving, and she is either bullied or excluded by her cousins. Parental Abandonment: Jane's parents are both dead before the beginning of the book. Parental Substitute: Bessie is the closest to a mother Jane has ever known. She's a maid in Gateshead; fairly kind but irritable, and as a servant she has little influence. Even if Rochester is not Adèle's biological father, she still sees him as a father. Jane as Adèle's governess becomes her mother figure. Jane is strict, but very fond of her pupil. Primal Stance: Rochester's first wife, described as "it" when Jane lays eyes on her. Protagonist Title: Jane Eyre the book is named for its heroine Jane Eyre who is also a narrator. Pyromaniac: Mr. Rochester's first wife. She tries to light Mr. Rochester's room on fire and later burns down all of Thornfield Hall, resulting in her own death and enabling Jane to marry Mr. Regency England: Jane Eyre is meant to be the fictional memoir of a woman looking back at her youth; the main action is set in about 1810. In addition to the mention of Walter Scott's 1808 novel Marmion as a recently published book and the frequent mentions of politics more appropriate to Georgian than Victorian times, Jane's travels lead her to a coach house in a fictional equivalent of Leeds where a portrait of the Prince Regent is displayed prominently. Not only had the Prince Regent (or King George IV) been dead for almost twenty years by 1847, the coach houses had been closed for over fifteen years. Had Jane Eyre been set any time after 1835 or so, Jane would have taken a train, and the station would have held a portrait of Queen Victoria. Oddly, virtually all of the film adaptations either ignore this detail, or miss it entirely. The costuming is always that of the time period the book was written, rather than when it was set. As fashion in the books is rarely described, many people assume that it's set in the 1840's. (Even the book cover providing the page image has the costuming wrong. Rescue Romance: Mr. Rochester falls in love with Jane after she saves him from the fire. However, his narration reveals he was intrigued by her and infatuated from their very first meeting. Rich Bitch: Miss Blanche Ingram. Aside from the obvious problems of her personality seen on the page, her lack of luck in marriage hints that she's not terribly popular. She is rich, beautiful, and accomplished, and yet has somehow been out in society for seven years and still isn't married? Mrs Reed. It might be said that she tried to fulfill her promise to her husband, as far as her nature permitted. However, this basically means that she treated Jane harshly and turned a blind eye when the little Reeds bullied her. She also withheld information about a fortune Jane had inherited from an uncle she didn't even know she had. Rule of Three: One in the exchange between Jane and the "gypsy woman" who wants Jane to consult her fortune-telling arts. don't you tremble. I'm not cold. Why don't you turn pale. I am not sick. Why don't you consult my art. I'm not silly. The old crone "nichered" a laugh under her bonnet and bandage: she then drew out a short, black pipe, and lighting it began to smoke. Having indulged a while in this sedative, she raised her bent body, took the pipe from her lips, and while gazing steadily at the fire, said very deliberately: — "You are cold; you are sick; and you are silly. Prove it. I rejoined. "I will: in few words. You are cold, because you are alone: no contact strikes the fire from you that is in you. You are sick: because the best of feelings, the highest and the sweetest given to man, keeps far away from you. You are silly, because, suffer as you may, you will not beckon it to approach; nor will you stir one step to meet it where it waits you. Sadist Teacher: Miss Scatcherd, who has a particular hatred for Helen Burns. Scare 'em Straight: Mr. Brocklehurst frequently has his students read and be read tales of little children who died suddenly as a result of their naughty deeds, many of which he wrote himself. Seldom-Seen Species: Mr. Rochester's dog is an obscure breed called the Landseer. Sham Wedding: Jane Eyre's wedding to Edward Rochester gets interrupted when somebody speaks up in the Speak Now or Forever Hold Your Peace moment. It turns out that Mr Rochester is already married. Had the ceremony proceeded, their marriage wouldn't have been legal and Mr Rochester would have been guilty of bigamy. Shout-Out: A subtle one in the scene where young Jane first meets Mr. Brocklehurst: I stepped across the rug; he place me square and straight before him. What a face he had, now that it was almost on a level with mine! What a great nose! and what a mouth! and what large prominent teeth! The sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" by Johnathan Edwards might have been alluded to when Mr. Brocklehurst speaks to Jane Eyre concerning her deceitful ways. "Deceit is, in fact, a sad fault within child. said Mr. Brocklehurst; it is akin to falsehood, and all liars will have their portion in the lake burning with fire and brimstone. Snark-to-Snark Combat: Most of Jane and Rochester's dialogue towards each other ends up being this, especially near the end, though a lot of the time it is meant as verbal sparring rather than nasty, and toward the end Jane actively encourages it in order to provoke Rochester into a mood other than melancholy after the fire. Sinister Minister: Mr. Brocklehurst, who gravely informs young Jane that it's better if she were a dead little girl who had lived a virtuous life than a girl who has clearly sacrificed her soul to the devil by lying. Speak Now or Forever Hold Your Peace: Jane goes so far as to lampshade the absurdity of the phrase, declaring to the reader that no one ever really pipes up. Little does she know. Spirited Young Lady: Jane sometimes looks like a proper schoolgirl or governess, but she's got a sharp tongue. The Spock: Eliza Reed, by the the time we come back to her. Better that than what her sister became. Spoiled Sweet: Rosamond Oliver, daughter of the rich owner of Morton's needle-factory and iron-foundry, who is naive, sheltered, optimistic and generous; her nature as this archetype is given a very lengthy description: Miss Oliver already honoured me with frequent visits to my cottage. I had learnt her whole character; which was without mystery or disguise: she was coquettish, but not heartless; exacting, but not worthlessly selfish. She had been indulged from her birth, but was not absolutely spoilt. She was hasty, but good-humoured; vain (she could not help it, when every glance in the glass showed her such a flush of loveliness) but not affected; liberal-handed; innocent of the pride of wealth; ingenuous; sufficiently intelligent; gay, lively and unthinking: she was very charming, in short, even to a cool observer of her own sex like me; but she was not profoundly interesting or thoroughly impressive. A very different sort of mind was hers from that, for instance, of the sisters of St. John. Still, I liked her almost as I liked my pupil Adèle: except that for a child whom we have watched over and taught a closer affection is engendered than we can give an equally attractive adult acquaintance. Suddenly Suitable Suitor: Before Jane can marry Mr. Rochester, she has to inherit twenty thousand pounds from her uncle (which, even after she splits it up, makes her financially independent. Of course, Rochester himself has to lose his Big Fancy House, his living-but-insane wife, his eyesight, and a hand. Now they can get married! Taking the Veil: After Mrs. Reed's death, Eliza becomes a nun and later becomes the mother superior of her convent. Throwing Off the Disability: Rochester is blinded by the fire that his wife set in Thornfield - one eye is knocked out entirely, but the other one improves over time. His other eye and his severed hand never grow back, though. Too Good for This Sinful Earth: Helen Burns, Jane's best friend at school. Also an Ill Girl with an oh-so-romantic case of consumption (tuberculosis. Helen was not only based on her sister Maria (who really did die, age 11, of TB contracted at the school) but that she'd had to tone down Maria's real nature lest she be considered unbelievable. People who had known Maria at school vouched for this. Traumatic Haircut: When inspecting Lowood, Mr. Brocklehurst makes a major issue out of one of the pupils having "curled" red hair, supposedly in defiance of the puritanical spirit in which he aims to have his charges educated. He denounces "artifice" but when told that her hair is naturally curly, Brocklehurst insists that people are not to conform to nature and that her hair must all be cut off, adding that he will send a barber the next day. He then sees that other girls have "a string of hair twisted in plaits" thus not arranged as plainly as he would have wanted, note and his solution, instead of simply having the hair re-arranged, is to order all the "top-knots" to be cut off. The actual shearing is never shown, but it becomes clear that Brocklehurst made his threat good when Jane later reminisces to Rochester that he had cut off their hair. Notably, Brocklehurst's wife and daughters, who also come to the inspection, are NOT subjected to a similar regimen, as they are fashionably dressed, with curled hair or in the wife's case even with a "false front of French curls. This makes abundantly clear that Brocklehurst is nothing better than a hypocrite and gives good reason to suspect that he is in fact a sadist and/or control freak abusing his authority over the pupils at Lowood. Unexpected Inheritance: Jane inherits money from her paternal uncle who was told she had been dead, but who still believed her to be alive, which he got confirmed later. Jane is surprised by the huge amount, too, whih she splits among her cousins who were also related to said uncle (he was their mother's brother. Unexplained Recovery: Rochester is blinded in the fire, but somehow recovers part of his sight (with a doctor's help) once Jane comes back to him over the course of 12 years. Though to be fair, it's implied to have healed gradually. The Unfavorite: Jane in her childhood at Gateshead. Her aunt who is her guardian absolutely despises her but adores and spoils her own three children. Rochester claims his father showed a clear preference for his older brother. Victorian Novel Disease: Helen Burns dies of consumption. Wealthy Philanthropist: Zigzagged with Lowood school for orphaned girls and its sponsors. Part of the building was built by Naomi Brocklehurst, late mother of its current "benefactor" the Rev. Brocklehurst, a pastor who thinks himself pious and generous, but who has a sick, twisted mind. The pupils all suffer from hunger and cold and lack of other supplies, and later lots of them die of typhus because they're weakened from malnutrition and dampness of the building. After that, the situation was improved by some wealthy people and the institution became useful and orphans were indeed helped and educated there. What Measure Is a Non-Cute. Jane's entire childhood with the Reeds. Neither the servants nor any friends of the family dote on Jane the way that they do her cousin Georgiana, because in addition to being a friendless dependent, Jane is neither pretty nor does she act like a child "should" that is to say, in a cute fashion. Wealthy Ever After: Jane inherits 20000 (which back then was a lot of money, multiply it by about a hundred to get to today's pounds note) from her long-lost uncle close to the end of the story.
In a bold new feature version of Jane Eyre, director Cary Joji Fukunaga ( Sin Nombre) and screenwriter Moira Buffini ( Tamara Drewe) infuse a contemporary immediacy into Charlotte Brontës timeless, classic story. Mia Wasikowska ( Alice in Wonderland) and Michael Fassbender ( Inglourious Basterds) star in the iconic lead roles of the romantic drama, the heroine of which continues to inspire new generations of devoted readers and viewers. In the 19th Century-set story, Jane Eyre (played by Ms. Wasikowska) suddenly flees Thornfield Hall, the vast and isolated estate where she works as a governess for Adèle Varens, a child under the custody of Thornfields brooding master, Edward Rochester (Mr. Fassbender. The imposing residence – and Rochesters own imposing nature – have sorely tested her resilience. With nowhere else to go, she is extended a helping hand by clergyman St. John Rivers (Jamie Bell of Focus Features The Eagle) and his family. As she recuperates in the Rivers Moor House and looks back upon the tumultuous events that led to her escape, Jane wonders if the past is ever truly past… Aged 10, the orphaned Jane (played by Amelia Clarkson) is mistreated and then cast out of her childhood home Gateshead by her cruel aunt, Mrs. Reed (Golden Globe Award winner Sally Hawkins. Consigned to the charity school Lowood, Jane encounters further harsh treatment but receives an education and meets Helen Burns (Freya Parks) a poor child who impresses Jane as a soulful and contented person. The two become firm friends. When Helen falls fatally ill, the loss devastates Jane, yet strengthens her resolve to stand up for herself and make the just choices in life. As a teenager, Jane arrives at Thornfield. She is treated with kindness and respect by housekeeper Mrs. Fairfax (Academy Award winner Judi Dench. Janes interest is piqued by Rochester, who engages her in games of wit and storytelling, and divulges to her some of his innermost thoughts. But his dark moods are troubling to Jane, as are strange goings-on in the house – especially the off-limits attic. She dares to intuit a deep connection with Rochester, and she is not wrong; but once she uncovers the terrible secret that he had hoped to hide from her forever, she flees, finding a home with the Rivers family. When St. John Rivers makes Jane a surprising proposal, she realizes that she must return to Thornfield – to secure her own future and finally, to conquer what haunts both her and Rochester. About the Film In a bold new feature version of Jane Eyre, director Cary Joji Fukunaga ( Sin Nombre) and screenwriter Moira Buffini ( Tamara Drewe) infuse a contemporary immediacy into Charlotte Brontës timeless, classic story. John Rivers makes Jane a surprising proposal, she realizes that she must return to Thornfield – to secure her own future and finally, to conquer what haunts both her and Rochester. Mia Wasikowska Jane Eyre Michael Fassbender Edward Rochester Jamie Bell St. John Rivers Sally Hawkins Mrs. Reed Holliday Grainger Diana Rivers Tamzin Merchant Mary Rivers Imogen Poots Blanche Ingram Amelia Clarkson Young Jane Romy Settbon Moore Ad`ele Varens Freya Parks Helen Burns Judi Dench Mrs. Fairfax Cary Joji Fukunaga Director Moira Buffini Screenplay Charlotte Bront"e Novel Alison Owen Producer Paul Trijbits Christine Langan Executive Producer Mairi Bett Co-Producer Faye Ward Adriano Goldman Director of Photography Melanie Ann Oliver Film Editor Will Hughes-Jones Production Designer Daniel Phillips Make-up and Hair Designer Michael O'Connor Costume Designer Dario Marianelli Music.
Charlotte Brontë's hauntingly beautiful gothic romance is a heart-wrenching journey of love. Charlotte Brontë's great love story comes to life with music to lift your heart and set your spirit soaring. This beloved tale of secrets and the lies that secrets create, of unimaginable hope and unspoken passion, reminds us what it is to fall deeply, truly and completely in love. Nominated for five Tony Awards, Jane Eyre explores religion, sexuality and protofeminism, all while enchanting audiences with a timeless love story. Jane's story begins in Gateshead, where she is in the unfortunate care of her cruel Aunt Sarah and cousin, John, as per her uncle's dying wish. The miserable young orphan is finally rescued when she is sent away to attend Lowood School for Girls. After six years, Jane leaves Lowood and is shortly after hired as a governess at Thornfield Hall. Here, she meets Mr. Edward Rochester, thus beginning her passionate and heart-wrenching journey of love, loss and the struggles of morality. This intellectual period drama is a wonderful work of theatre. It provides an opportunity for the classically trained voice, not to mention an excellent chance for all aspects of technical theatre to bring this masterful piece to life. Resources No matter where you are on your theatrical journey, our innovative production resources will enhance your show experience! See the entire orchestration on one page. Performance Digital scripts. Choreography videos. Shared Instantly. Pre Performance Promote your show with the officially licensed logo. Listen to a cast or demo recording before licensing your next musical. Manage ticket sales online and maximize your box office. Manage rehearsal schedules and changes by sending instant updates to your cast and crew. Pre Performance.
Jane être heureux. Jane être enceinte. Jane eyre movie 1944. Jane eyre trailer. Jane eyre sparknotes. Jane ere numérique. Jane eyre. Jane eyrein. Jane Eyre Title page of the first Jane Eyre edition Author Charlotte Brontë Country United Kingdom Language English Genre Novel Set in Northern England, early 19th century [a] Publisher Smith, Elder & Co. Publication date 16 October 1847 Media type Print OCLC 3163777 Dewey Decimal 823. 8 Followed by Shirley Text Jane Eyre at Wikisource Jane Eyre (originally published as Jane Eyre: An Autobiography) is a novel by English writer Charlotte Brontë, published under the pen name "Currer Bell" on 16 October 1847, by Smith, Elder & Co. of London. The first American edition was published the following year by Harper & Brothers of New York.  Jane Eyre follows the experiences of its eponymous heroine, including her growth to adulthood and her love for Mr. Rochester, the brooding master of Thornfield Hall.  The novel revolutionised prose fiction by being the first to focus on its protagonist's moral and spiritual development through an intimate first-person narrative, where actions and events are coloured by a psychological intensity. Charlotte Brontë has been called the "first historian of the private consciousness" and the literary ancestor of writers like Proust and Joyce.  The book contains elements of social criticism, with a strong sense of Christian morality at its core, and is considered by many to be ahead of its time because of Jane's individualistic character and how the novel approaches the topics of class, sexuality, religion and feminism.  5] Plot [ edit] Jane Eyre is divided into 38 chapters. It was originally published in three volumes in the 19th century, comprising chapters 1 to 15, 16 to 27, and 28 to 38. The second edition was dedicated to William Makepeace Thackeray. Introduction [ edit] The novel is a first-person narrative from the perspective of the title character. The novel's setting is somewhere in the north of England, late in the reign of George III (1760–1820. a] It goes through five distinct stages: Jane's childhood at Gateshead Hall, where she is emotionally and physically abused by her aunt and cousins; her education at Lowood School, where she gains friends and role models but suffers privations and oppression; her time as governess at Thornfield Hall, where she falls in love with her mysterious employer, Edward Fairfax Rochester; her time in the Moor House, during which her earnest but cold clergyman cousin, St. John Rivers, proposes to her; and ultimately her reunion with, and marriage to, her beloved Rochester. Throughout these sections, the novel provides perspectives on a number of important social issues and ideas, many of which are critical of the status quo. Jane's childhood [ edit] Young Jane argues with her guardian Mrs. Reed of Gateshead, illustration by F. H. Townsend Jane Eyre, aged 10, lives with her maternal uncle's family, the Reeds, as a result of her uncle's dying wish. It is several years after her parents died of typhus. Mr. Reed, Jane's uncle, was the only member of the Reed family who was ever kind to Jane. Jane's aunt, Sarah Reed, dislikes her, abuses her, and treats her as a burden, and discourages her children from associating with Jane. Jane, as a result, becomes defensive against her cruel judgement. The nursemaid, Bessie, proves to be Jane's only ally in the household, even though Bessie occasionally scolds Jane harshly. Excluded from the family activities, Jane leads an unhappy childhood, with only a doll and books with which to entertain herself. One day, as punishment for defending herself against her cousin John Reed, Jane is relegated to the red room in which her late uncle had died; there, she faints from panic after she thinks she has seen his ghost. The red room is significant because it lays the grounds for the "ambiguous relationship between parents and children" which plays out in all of Jane's future relationships with male figures throughout the novel.  She is subsequently attended to by the kindly apothecary Mr. Lloyd to whom Jane reveals how unhappy she is living at Gateshead Hall. He recommends to Mrs. Reed that Jane should be sent to school, an idea Mrs. Reed happily supports. Mrs. Reed then enlists the aid of the harsh Mr. Brocklehurst, who is the director of Lowood Institution, a charity school for girls, to enroll Jane. Reed cautions Mr. Brocklehurst that Jane has a "tendency for deceit" which he interprets as her being a "liar. Before Jane leaves, however, she confronts Mrs. Reed and declares that she'll never call her "aunt" again. Jane also tells Mrs. Reed and her daughters, Georgiana and Eliza, that they are the ones who are deceitful, and that she will tell everyone at Lowood how cruelly the Reeds treated her. Reed is hurt badly by these words, but does not have the courage or tenacity to show this.  Lowood [ edit] At Lowood Institution, a school for poor and orphaned girls, Jane soon finds that life is harsh. She attempts to fit in and befriends an older girl, Helen Burns. During a class session, her new friend looks back at Jane and is caught, which provokes a lashing. As Mr. Brocklehurst enters just prior to the lashing, then permits it to take place, Jane drops her slate which causes a loud crash and breaks it, thereby drawing attention to herself. She is then forced to stand on a stool with no food nor water and is called a "sinner. The other girls are told not to engage with her as she is a liar. Miss Temple, the caring superintendent, facilitates Jane's self-defence. Helen and Miss Temple are Jane's two main role models who positively guide her development, despite the harsh treatment she has received from many others. The 80 pupils at Lowood are subjected to cold rooms, poor meals, and thin clothing. Many students fall ill when a typhus epidemic strikes; Helen dies of consumption in Jane's arms. When Mr. Brocklehurst's maltreatment of the students is discovered, several benefactors erect a new building and install a sympathetic management committee to moderate Mr. Brocklehurst's harsh rule. Conditions at the school then improve dramatically. Thornfield Hall [ edit] After six years as a student and two as a teacher at Lowood, Jane decides to leave in pursuit of a new life, growing bored of her life at Lowood. Her friend and confidante, Miss Temple, also leaves after getting married. She advertises her services as a governess. A housekeeper at Thornfield Hall, Alice Fairfax, replies to Jane's advertisement. Jane takes the position, teaching Adèle Varens, a young French girl. One night, while Jane is walking to a nearby town, a horseman passes her. The horse slips on ice and throws the rider. Despite the rider's surliness, Jane helps him get back onto his horse. Later, back at Thornfield, she learns that this man is Edward Rochester, master of the house. Adèle was left in his care when her mother abandoned her. It is not immediately apparent whether Adèle is Rochester's daughter or not. At Jane's first meeting with Mr. Rochester, he teases her, accusing her of bewitching his horse to make him fall. Jane is able to stand up to his initially arrogant manner, despite his strange behaviour. Rochester and Jane soon come to enjoy each other's company, and spend many evenings together. Odd things start to happen at the house, such as a strange laugh being heard, a mysterious fire in Mr. Rochester's room (from which Jane saves Rochester by rousing him and throwing water on him and the fire) and an attack on a house-guest named Mr. Mason. After Jane saves Mr. Rochester from the fire, he thanks her tenderly and emotionally, and that night Jane feels strange emotions of her own towards him. The next day however he leaves unexpectedly for a distant party gathering, and several days later returns with the whole party, including the beautiful and talented Blanche Ingram. Jane sees that Blanche and Mr. Rochester favour each other and starts to feel jealous, particularly because she also sees that Blanche is snobbish and heartless. Jane then receives word that Mrs. Reed has suffered a stroke and is calling for her. Jane returns to Gateshead and remains there for a month to tend to her dying aunt. Reed confesses to Jane that she wronged her, bringing forth a letter from Jane's paternal uncle, Mr. John Eyre, in which he asks for her to live with him and be his heir. Reed admits to telling Mr. Eyre that Jane had died of fever at Lowood. Soon afterward, Mrs. Reed dies, and Jane helps her cousins after the funeral before returning to Thornfield. St. John Rivers admits Jane to Moor House, illustration by F. Townsend Back at Thornfield, Jane broods over Mr. Rochester's rumoured impending marriage to Blanche Ingram. However, one midsummer evening, Rochester baits Jane by saying how much he will miss her after getting married and how she will soon forget him. The normally self-controlled Jane reveals her feelings for him. Rochester then is sure that Jane is sincerely in love with him, and he proposes marriage. Jane is at first skeptical of his sincerity, before accepting his proposal. She then writes to her Uncle John, telling him of her happy news. As she prepares for her wedding, Jane's forebodings arise when a strange woman sneaks into her room one night and rips her wedding veil in two. As with the previous mysterious events, Mr. Rochester attributes the incident to Grace Poole, one of his servants. During the wedding ceremony, however, Mr. Mason and a lawyer declare that Mr. Rochester cannot marry because he is already married to Mr. Mason's sister, Bertha. Rochester admits this is true but explains that his father tricked him into the marriage for her money. Once they were united, he discovered that she was rapidly descending into congenital madness, and so he eventually locked her away in Thornfield, hiring Grace Poole as a nurse to look after her. When Grace gets drunk, Rochester's wife escapes and causes the strange happenings at Thornfield. It turns out that Jane's uncle, Mr. John Eyre, is a friend of Mr. Mason's and was visited by him soon after Mr. Eyre received Jane's letter about her impending marriage. After the marriage ceremony is broken off, Mr. Rochester asks Jane to go with him to the south of France, and live with him as husband and wife, even though they cannot be married. Jane is tempted but must stay true to her Christian values and beliefs. Refusing to go against her principles, and despite her love for him, Jane leaves Thornfield in the middle of the night.  Other employment [ edit] Jane travels as far from Thornfield as she can using the little money she had previously saved. She accidentally leaves her bundle of possessions on the coach and is forced to sleep on the moor. She unsuccessfully attempts to trade her handkerchief and gloves for food. Exhausted and starving, she eventually makes her way to the home of Diana and Mary Rivers, but is turned away by the housekeeper. She collapses on the doorstep, preparing for her death. St. John Rivers, Diana and Mary's brother and a clergyman, rescues her. After she regains her health, St. John finds Jane a teaching position at a nearby village school. Jane becomes good friends with the sisters, but St. John remains aloof. The sisters leave for governess jobs, and St. John becomes somewhat closer to Jane. John learns Jane's true identity and astounds her by telling her that her uncle, John Eyre, has died and left her his entire fortune of 20, 000 pounds (equivalent to just under 1. 7 million in 2018 [9. When Jane questions him further, St. John reveals that John Eyre is also his and his sisters' uncle. They had once hoped for a share of the inheritance but were left virtually nothing. Jane, overjoyed by finding that she has living and friendly family members, insists on sharing the money equally with her cousins, and Diana and Mary come back to live at Moor House. Proposals [ edit] Thinking that the pious Jane will make a suitable missionary's wife, St. John asks her to marry him and to go with him to India, not out of love, but out of duty. Jane initially accepts going to India but rejects the marriage proposal, suggesting they travel as brother and sister. As soon as Jane's resolve against marriage to St. John begins to weaken, she mystically hears Mr. Rochester's voice calling her name. Jane then returns to Thornfield to find only blackened ruins. She learns that Mr. Rochester's wife set the house on fire and committed suicide by jumping from the roof. In his rescue attempts, Mr. Rochester lost a hand and his eyesight. Jane reunites with him, but he fears that she will be repulsed by his condition. "Am I hideous, Jane. he asks. "Very, sir; you always were, you know" she replies. When Jane assures him of her love and tells him that she will never leave him, Mr. Rochester proposes again, and they are married. He eventually recovers sight enough to see their newborn son. Major characters [ edit] In order of first line of dialogue: Chapter 1 [ edit] Jane Eyre: The novel's narrator and protagonist, she eventually becomes the second wife of Edward Rochester. Orphaned as a baby, Jane struggles through her nearly loveless childhood and becomes governess at Thornfield Hall. Though facially plain, Jane is passionate and strongly principled, and values freedom and independence. She also has a strong conscience and is a determined Christian. She is ten at the beginning of the novel, and nineteen or twenty at the end of the main narrative. As the final chapter of the novel states that she has been married to Edward Rochester for ten years, she is approximately thirty at its completion. Mrs. Sarah Reed: née Gibson) Jane's maternal aunt by marriage, who reluctantly adopted Jane in accordance with her late husband's wishes. According to Mrs. Reed, he pitied Jane and often cared for her more than for his own children. Reed's resentment leads her to abuse and neglect the girl. She lies to Mr. Brocklehurst about Jane's tendency to lie, preparing him to be severe with Jane when she arrives at Brocklehurst's Lowood School. John Reed: Jane's fourteen-year-old cousin who bullies her incessantly, sometimes in his mother's presence. John eventually ruins himself as an adult by drinking and gambling, and is rumoured to have committed suicide. Eliza Reed: Jane's thirteen-year-old first cousin. Envious of her more attractive younger sister and a slave to rigid routine, she self-righteously devotes herself to religion. She leaves for a nunnery near Lisle after her mother's death, determined to estrange herself from her sister. Georgiana Reed: Jane's eleven-year-old first cousin. Although beautiful and indulged, she is insolent and spiteful. Her elder sister Eliza foils Georgiana's marriage to the wealthy Lord Edwin Vere, when the couple are about to elope. Georgiana eventually marries a, wealthy worn-out man of fashion. " Bessie Lee: The nursemaid at Gateshead. She often treats Jane kindly, telling her stories and singing her songs, but she has a quick temper. Later, she marries Robert Leaven with whom she has three children. Chapter 3 [ edit] Mr. Lloyd: A compassionate apothecary who recommends that Jane be sent to school. Later, he writes a letter to Miss Temple confirming Jane's account of her childhood and thereby clears Jane of Mrs. Reed's charge of lying. Chapter 4 [ edit] Mr. Brocklehurst: The clergyman, director, and treasurer of Lowood School, whose maltreatment of the pupils is eventually exposed. A religious traditionalist, he advocates for his charges the most harsh, plain, and disciplined possible lifestyle, but not, hypocritically, for himself and his own family. His second daughter Augusta exclaimed, Oh, dear papa, how quiet and plain all the girls at Lowood look… they looked at my dress and mama's, as if they had never seen a silk gown before. " Chapter 5 [ edit] Miss Maria Temple: The kind superintendent of Lowood School, who treats the pupils with respect and compassion. She helps clear Jane of Mr. Brocklehurst's false accusation of deceit and cares for Helen in her last days. Eventually, she marries Reverend Naysmith. Miss Scatcherd: A sour and strict teacher at Lowood. She constantly punishes Helen Burns for her untidiness but fails to see Helen's substantial good points. Helen Burns: Jane's best friend at Lowood School. She refuses to hate those who abuse her, trusts in God, and prays for peace one day in heaven. She teaches Jane to trust Christianity and dies of consumption in Jane's arms. Elizabeth Gaskell, in her biography of the Brontë sisters, wrote that Helen Burns was 'an exact transcript' of Maria Brontë, who died of consumption at age 11.  Chapter 11 [ edit] Mrs. Alice Fairfax: The elderly, kind widow and the housekeeper of Thornfield Hall; distantly related to the Rochesters. Adèle Varens: b] An excitable French child to whom Jane is a governess at Thornfield. Adèle's mother was a dancer named Céline. She was Mr. Rochester's mistress and claimed that Adèle was Mr. Rochester's daughter, though he refuses to believe it due to Céline's unfaithfulness and Adèle's apparent lack of resemblance to him. Adèle seems to believe that her mother is dead (she tells Jane in chapter 11, I lived long ago with mamma, but she is gone to the Holy Virgin. Mr Rochester later tells Jane that Céline actually abandoned Adèle and "ran away to Italy with a musician or singer" ch. 15. Adèle and Jane develop a strong liking for one another, and although Mr. Rochester places Adèle in a strict school after Jane flees Thornfield, Jane visits Adèle after her return and finds a better, less severe school for her. When Adèle is old enough to leave school, Jane describes her as "a pleasing and obliging companion – docile, good-tempered and well-principled" and considers her kindness to Adèle well repaid. Grace Poole: …a woman of between thirty and forty; a set, square-made figure, red-haired, and with a hard, plain face…" Mr. Rochester pays her a very high salary to keep his mad wife, Bertha, hidden and quiet. Grace is often used as an explanation for odd happenings at the house such as strange laughter that was heard not long after Jane arrived. She has a weakness for drinking that occasionally allows Bertha to escape. Chapter 12 [ edit] Edward Fairfax Rochester: The master of Thornfield Hall. A Byronic hero, he has a face "dark, strong, and stern. He married Bertha Mason years before the novel begins. Leah: The housemaid at Thornfield Hall, wife of John the manservant. Chapter 17 [ edit] Blanche Ingram: Young socialite whom Mr. Rochester is planning to marry. Though possessed of great beauty and talent, she treats social inferiors, Jane in particular, with undisguised contempt. Rochester exposes her and her mother's mercenary motivations when he puts out a rumour that he is far less wealthy than they imagine. Chapter 18 [ edit] Richard Mason: An Englishman whose arrival at Thornfield Hall from the West Indies unsettles Mr. Rochester. He is the brother of Rochester's first wife, the woman in the attic, and still cares for his sister's well-being. During the wedding ceremony of Jane and Mr. Rochester, he exposes the bigamous nature of the marriage. Chapter 21 [ edit] Robert Leaven: The coachman at Gateshead, who brings Jane the news of the death of the dissolute John Reed, an event which has brought on Mrs. Reed's stroke. He informs her of Mrs. Reed's wish to see Jane before she dies. Chapter 26 [ edit] Bertha Antoinetta Mason: The first wife of Edward Rochester. After their wedding, her mental health began to deteriorate, and she is now violent and in a state of intense derangement, apparently unable to speak or go into society. Rochester, who insists that he was tricked into the marriage by a family who knew Bertha was likely to develop this condition, has kept Bertha locked in the attic at Thornfield for years. She is supervised and cared for by Grace Poole, whose drinking sometimes allows Bertha to escape. After Richard Mason puts an end to Jane and Mr. Rochester's wedding, Rochester finally introduces Jane to Bertha: In the deep shade, at the farther end of the room, a figure ran backwards and forwards. What it was, whether beast or human being, one could not, at first sight, tell… it snatched and growled like some strange wild animal: but it was covered with clothing, and a quantity of dark, grizzled hair, wild as a mane, hid its head and face. Eventually, Bertha sets fire to Thornfield Hall and throws herself to her death from the roof. Bertha is viewed as Jane's "double" Jane is pious and just, while Bertha is savage and animalistic.  Chapter 28 [ edit] Diana and Mary Rivers: Sisters in a remote house who take Jane in when she is hungry and friendless, having left Thornfield Hall without making any arrangements for herself. Financially poor but intellectually curious, the sisters are deeply engrossed in reading the evening Jane appears at their door. Eventually, they are revealed to be Jane's cousins. They want Jane to marry their stern clergyman brother so that he will stay in England rather than journey to India as a missionary. Hannah: The kindly housekeeper at the Rivers home; …comparable with the Brontes' well-loved servant, Tabitha Aykroyd. " St. John Eyre Rivers: c] A handsome, though severe and serious, clergyman who befriends Jane and turns out to be her cousin. John is thoroughly practical and suppresses all of his human passions and emotions, particularly his love for the beautiful and cheerful heiress Rosamond Oliver, in favour of good works. He wants Jane to marry him and serve as his assistant on his missionary journey to India. Chapter 32 [ edit] Rosamond Oliver: A beautiful, kindly, wealthy, but rather simple young woman, and the patron of the village school where Jane teaches. Rosamond is in love with St. John, but he refuses to declare his love for her because she wouldn't be suitable as a missionary's wife. She eventually becomes engaged to the respected and wealthy Mr. Granby. Mr. Oliver: Rosamond Oliver's wealthy father, who owns a foundry and needle factory in the district. "…a tall, massive-featured, middle-aged, and grey-headed man, at whose side his lovely daughter looked like a bright flower near a hoary turret. He is a kind and charitable man, and is fond of St. John. Context [ edit] The Salutation pub in Hulme, Manchester, where Brontë began to write Jane Eyre; the pub was a lodge in the 1840s.  13] The early sequences, in which Jane is sent to Lowood, a harsh boarding school, are derived from the author's own experiences. Helen Burns's death from tuberculosis (referred to as consumption) recalls the deaths of Charlotte Brontë's sisters, Elizabeth and Maria, who died of the disease in childhood as a result of the conditions at their school, the Clergy Daughters School at Cowan Bridge, near Tunstall, Lancashire. Brocklehurst is based on Rev. William Carus Wilson (1791–1859) the Evangelical minister who ran the school. Additionally, John Reed's decline into alcoholism and dissolution recalls the life of Charlotte's brother Branwell, who became an opium and alcohol addict in the years preceding his death. Finally, like Jane, Charlotte became a governess. These facts were revealed to the public in The Life of Charlotte Brontë (1857) by Charlotte's friend and fellow novelist Elizabeth Gaskell.  The Gothic manor of Thornfield Hall was probably inspired by North Lees Hall, near Hathersage in the Peak District. This was visited by Charlotte Brontë and her friend Ellen Nussey in the summer of 1845, and is described by the latter in a letter dated 22 July 1845. It was the residence of the Eyre family, and its first owner, Agnes Ashurst, was reputedly confined as a lunatic in a padded second floor room.  It has been suggested that the Wycoller Hall in Lancashire, close to Haworth, provided the setting for Ferndean Manor to which Mr. Rochester retreats after the fire at Thornfield: there are similarities between the owner of Ferndean, Mr. Rochester's father, and Henry Cunliffe who inherited Wycoller in the 1770s and lived there until his death in 1818; one of Cunliffe's relatives was named Elizabeth Eyre (née Cunliffe. 15] The sequence in which Mr. Rochester's wife sets fire to the bed curtains was prepared in an August 1830 homemade publication of Brontë's The Young Men's Magazine, Number 2.  Charlotte Brontë began composing Jane Eyre in Manchester, and she likely envisioned Manchester Cathedral churchyard as the burial place for Jane's parents and the birthplace of Jane herself.  Adaptations and influence [ edit] The novel has been adapted into a number of other forms, including theatre, film, television - and at least two full-length operas, by John Joubert (1987–97) and Michael Berkeley (2000. The novel has also been the subject of a number of significant rewritings and reinterpretations, notably Jean Rhys 's seminal 1966 novel Wide Sargasso Sea.  On 19 May 2016 Cathy Marston 's ballet adaption was premiered by the Northern Ballet at the Cast Theatre in Doncaster, England with Dreda Blow as Jane and Javier Torres as Rochester.  In November 2016, a manga adaptation by Crystal S. Chan was published by Manga Classics Inc., with artwork by Sunneko Lee.  21] Reception [ edit] This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. June 2018) Jane Eyre' s initial reception contrasts starkly to its reputation today. In 1848, Elizabeth Rigby (later Elizabeth Eastlake) reviewing Jane Eyre in The Quarterly Review, found it "pre-eminently an anti-Christian composition. 22] declaring: We do not hesitate to say that the tone of mind and thought which has overthrown authority and violated every code human and divine abroad, and fostered Chartism and rebellion at home, is the same which has also written Jane Eyre. 22] Literary critic Jerome Beaty felt that the close first person perspective leaves the reader "too uncritically accepting of her worldview" and often leads reading and conversation about the novel towards supporting Jane, regardless of how irregular her ideas or perspectives are.  In 2003, the novel was ranked number 10 in the BBC 's survey The Big Read.  Notes [ edit] The exact time setting of the novel is impossible to determine, as several references in the text are contradictory. For example, Marmion (pub. 1808) is referred to in Chapter 32 as a "new publication" but Adèle mentions crossing the Channel by steamship, impossible before 1816. ^ Pronounced [a. dɛl va. ʁɛ̃. citation needed] Pronounced. citation needed] References [ edit] "The HarperCollins Timeline. HarperCollins Publishers. Retrieved 18 October 2018. ^ Lollar, Cortney. Jane Eyre: A Bildungsroman. The Victorian Web. Retrieved 22 January 2019. ^ Burt, Daniel S. (2008. The Literature 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Novelists, Playwrights, and Poets of All Time. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 9781438127064. ^ Gilbert, Sandra & Gubar, Susan (1979. The Madwoman in the Attic. Yale University Press. CS1 maint: uses authors parameter ( link) Martin, Robert B. (1966. Charlotte Brontë's Novels: The Accents of Persuasion. New York: Norton. ^ Wood, Madeleine. "Jane Eyre in the red-room: Madeleine Wood explores the consequences of Jane's childhood trauma. Retrieved 7 December 2018. ^ Brontë, Charlotte (16 October 1847. Jane Eyre. London, England: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 105. ^ Brontë, Charlotte (2008. Radford, Virginia: Wilder Publications. ISBN 978-1604594119. ^ calculated using the UK Retail Price Index: Currency Converter, Pounds Sterling to Dollars, 1264 to Present (Java. ^ Gaskell, Elizabeth (1857. The Life of Charlotte Brontë. 1. Smith, Elder & Co. p. 73. ^ Gubar II, Gilbert I (2009. Madwoman in the Attic after Thirty Years. University of Missouri Press. ^ Jane Eyre: a Mancunian. BBC. 10 October 2006. Retrieved 24 April 2013. ^ Salutation pub in Hulme thrown a lifeline as historic building is bought by MMU. Manchester Evening News. 2 September 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2011. ^ a b Stevie Davies, Introduction and Notes to Jane Eyre. Penguin Classics ed., 2006. ^ Wycoller Sheet 3: Ferndean Manor and the Brontë Connection" PDF. Lancashire Countryside Service Environmental Directorale. 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2012. ^ Paris museum wins Brontë bidding war. BBC News. 15 December 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011. ^ Alexander, Christine, and Sara L. Pearson. Celebrating Charlotte Brontë: Transforming Life into Literature in Jane Eyre. Brontë Society, 2016, p. 173. ^ Kellman, Steve G., ed. (2009. Magills Survey of World Literature. Salem Press. p. 2148. ISBN 9781587654312. ^ Jane Eyre. Retrieved 11 June 2019. ^ Manga Classics: Jane Eyre (2016) Manga Classics Inc. ISBN 978-1927925652 ^ Iipinski, Andrea (1 June 2017. The manga in the middle. School Library Journal. 63 (6) 50 – via Gale Academic Onefile. ^ a b Shapiro, Arnold (Autumn 1968. In Defense of Jane Eyre. SEL: Studies in English Literature 1500–1900. 8 (4) 683. JSTOR 449473. ^ Beaty, Jerome. "St. John's Way and the Wayward Reader" in Brontë, Charlotte (2001) 1847. Richard J. Dunn (ed. Jane Eyre (Norton Critical Edition, Third ed. W. Norton & Company. pp. 491–502. ISBN 0393975428. ^ The Big Read. April 2003. Retrieved 21 December 2013. External links [ edit] Works by Charlotte Brontë at Curlie Jane Eyre at the British Library Jane Eyre at The Victorian Web Jane Eyre at the Internet Archive Jane Eyre at Project Gutenberg Jane Eyre public domain audiobook at LibriVox Dating Jane Eyre.
Jane être. Jane eyre chapter 16 summary. Jane Eyre's Film History Not many classic novels have persisted as much in todays world as Charlotte Brontës Jane Eyre in terms of devoted readers and numerous film, TV, and stage adaptations. There is something special about a novel that has captivated readers since 1847 and still remains fresh on readers minds into the twenty-first century. The story of a young governess eventually marrying her employer has a Cinderella-like ending after all the gothic and mysterious plot twists. There is something naturally appealing about Jane Eyre, who goes from being poor, orphaned, and unloved to finding her independence, discovering family, and gaining the love of her soul mate, Edward Rochester. Although she describes herself as small, poor, and plain, Jane finds her way in the world through her own intelligence, faith, and indomitable spirit. It was only natural, then, that with the advent of film, people would try to bring the novel to life, showing not only the events of the story but capturing its soul. These screen adaptations, along with stage performances and other forms of media, have kept the Jane Eyre readership alive and vibrant, with fans communicating with each other in new ways given the age of computer forums and blogs. With Jane Eyre appearing in a recent musical and popular books like Jean Rhyss Wide Sargasso Sea and Jasper Ffordes The Eyre Affair, Charlotte Brontës novel remains fresh in the modern readers consciousness. Mia Wasikowska, the next Jane Currently, there have been over twenty film and TV adaptations, with another film announced for 2011 featuring Mia Wasikowska of Tim Burton's Alice in Wonderland. (You can also read my review of Jane Eyre 2011: Cary Fukunaga's Gritty, Gothic Adaptation. What is remarkable is how the Jane Eyre movies and miniseries have allowed fans of the novel to share their feelings, opinions, and questions about Jane Eyre. People who are introduced to the story by an adaptation meet in online message boards with longtime fans of the novel. When I browse through the message boards for Jane Eyre on the Internet Movie Database (IMDb) I find that the fans (or “Eyreaholics”) belong to different “camps, ” so to speak.  There are those who will defend one adaptations merits over anothers, arguing fiercely in favor of the 1983 miniseries over the 1973 version (or vice versa. Purists gripe about Jane and Edwards “racy” farewell scene in the latest 2006 adaptation, while others appreciate the modern touches. In addition to examining how the Jane Eyre adaptations have presented the story, I will look at the responses of “Eyreaholics” and determine how they represent the modern readership. Note that since 1910, there has been at least one Jane Eyre adaptation per decade. Since there are so many, I will focus on the most significant ones, including the five that I have seen, the 1970, 1973, 1983, 1996, and 2006 versions. Yes, I am something of an Eyreaholic myself.  The term “Eyreaholic” was apparently coined by IMDb user Lovely Drama. I use the term in the paper to refer to Jane Eyre aficionados who express their love for the novel online. Early silent pictures and first "talkies" The first American film adaptation was released in 1910, and it was a silent picture. I say first American film adaptation, because Italy released a silent film adaptation in 1909 (“The Enthusiasts Guide to Jane Eyre Adaptations”. Several more silent films were made in the next twenty years. Lucasta Miller notes that the silent films “made the most of the wild-eyed madwoman” in the attic, obviously relishing the sensational gothic aspects of the story. The silent film of 1914, for instance, ended with Jane saving the blind Mr. Rochester from falling off a cliff (“Films”. Evidently, even some of the older version took certain liberties with the text! The Jane Eyre movie of 1934, directed by Christy Cabanne, was the first “talkie” film adaptation; it featured Virginia Bruce and Colin Clive. At only sixty-two minutes, this adaptation made numerous changes to the plot and characters. (As any reader of the novel knows, Jane Eyre s plot is too complex and long to effectively compress into an hour. Characters such as Helen Burns and Mr. Mason were omitted; Adele became Mr. Rochesters non-French niece (“Jane Eyre 1934”. A reviewer on IMDb, “overseer-3, ” complained about all the changes the film makes. For instance, Blanche Ingram is “ugly and older, ” while Jane is a “platinum blonde with Mary Pickford curls, ” which is the opposite of how they are in the novel. Overseer-3 offered several humorous instances of absurdity in the adaptation. For instance: there is no attempted wedding scene. The “insane” wife just walks into a room at Thornfield in which Jane, Rochester, and the minister are standing and announces she wants to see her husband. The servants spirit her away and she protests in a totally normal voice: “I want to see my husband! ” LOL [Laughing out loud] Why didnt they LET HER SEE HER HUSBAND. I was starting to think that everyone in the house was insane, and Bertha was the only normal one! Overseer-3) While it may be unfair to criticize the film due to its short length and the filming limitations of the age, fans generally felt that the 1934 version missed the point of the original novel, that it seemed like a different story altogether. "The Enthusiasts Guide to Jane Eyre Adaptations. a fan website that offers bite-size reviews for each film, puts it this way: “Have you ever thought Jane Eyre was too sad? Or that it would be so much better if Rochester would just give Adele a puppy? Then] this one is for you. ” Robert Stevenson, 1944 The next major adaptation, directed by Robert Stevenson and released in 1944, is one of the most famous ones because of its stars Orson Welles and Joan Fontaine. Fontaine had previously been nominated for an Oscar for her starring role in Rebecca (1940) in 1941, she won the Oscar for Suspicion (“Biography for Joan Fontaine”. Incidentally, Daphne du Maurier drew several plot elements from Jane Eyre for her novel Rebecca (Campbell 3. Welles, of course, was famous for his directing and acting in Citizen Kane (1941. His role as Edward Rochester was apparently designed to make him a star; the film “transforms Charlotte Brontës gruff, hard-featured, middle-aged Rochester into a tall, dark, svelte matinee idol” (Campbell 2. Some critics were concerned that Welless presence in the film overshadowed Fontaines Jane, the protagonist. Critics Kate Ellis and E. Ann Kaplan argued in “Feminism in Brontës Novel and Its Film Versions” that Janes rebellious nature was diluted, and that she was seen mostly from a male perspective (83-84. Gardner Campbell countered that Janes position in the films mise en scène reinforced her role as the main character and the narrator. Mise en scène refers to the way characters and objects are arranged and presented for the camera; it encompasses everything that appears in the shot—costumes, props, lighting, etc. Welless Citizen Kane was revolutionary for its use of deep focus cinematography—that is, keeping the foreground, middle-ground, and background all in focus. To take advantage of this technique, Welles often arranged “one character on one side of the frame in the extreme foreground, one figure on the other side of the frame in the middle ground, and one figure in the center in the background, all in focus” (Campbell 6. Campbell argues that Welles brought his film techniques from Citizen Kane to Jane Eyre and often made Jane the dominant figure in the shot. Previous critics complained that certain scenes, such as the dinner party scene with Blanche Ingram and the other guests, have Jane skulking in the background, forgotten. However, Campbell suggests that due to the limited availability of the film at the time of those reviews, the critics may have mis-remembered the actual mise en scène of those scenes (6-7. Jane is not lost in the background, but prominent on the side of the frame in the foreground. While she is passively withdrawn from the action of the dinner party scene, her position in the foreground suggests that “her own imagination captures and represents the action for us. ” The novel Jane Eyre is, after all, a first-person narration, and the framing of these shots reinforce Janes “double authority as character and narrative creator” (Campbell 6. It is important for an adaptation to remember who is telling the story, and how it affects the narrative. Future works such as Ffordes The Eyre Affair toy with this concept even more. What about the fans responses to Jane Eyre 1944? The ages and looks of the two principle characters are frequently discussed on message boards and in reviews. Fontaine and Welles were both pushing thirty when the film was made, making Jane ten years too old, and Rochester ten years too young. A message board thread on IMDb asks, “Wasnt Joan Fontaine too pretty to play Jane? ” Poster “sma 88 05” acknowledges that Jane is supposed to be plain-featured, but states: “I personally loved Joan's interpretation of the role and I like her performances as an actress in general so I really enjoyed the film anyway despite this initial drawback. ” “BoomerMovieFan” replied: “Yes, but now that you mention it, she was too pretty to play the second Mrs. de Winter in REBECCA. Both characters are described as ‘plain. I guess it was the time. Studios weren't accustomed to putting unpretty character actresses into romantic leading roles, especially major productions. Offhand, I can't think of an exception from this Hollywood period, can you? ” They bring up a valid point about the attitudes of Hollywood and the expectations of movie viewers at the time. Even to this day, audiences want attractive lead actors. Regardless of the actors ages or appearances, fans generally praised the fine acting. Poster “delphii” said of Orson Welles: “he was one of the few that could use Brontë's language without it sounding wooden or like a rambling mouthful. He controlled the language, not the other way around. ” Fans also mention the uncredited appearance of a young Elizabeth Taylor as Helen Burns (“Jane Eyre 1944”. The young Elizabeth Taylor as Helen Delbert Mann, 1970 The 1970 adaptation, directed by Delbert Mann, starred Susannah York and George C. Scott. It appeared first in theatres in Europe, but only on TV in the U. S. the next year. This Jane Eyre movie is a somewhat obscure, but it still has a dedicated following and a memorable musical score by John Williams. Unfortunately, the original film was lost, so DVD copies are of poor quality. Still, fans of this version enjoy the acting and the chemistry between Jane and Rochester. George C. Scott has the appropriate gruff and brooding manner. He is also a little older than Rochester, but it was a suitable choice to have an older-looking man instead of a younger, handsome one. Poster “roghache” says that Susannah York, while old for the part and attractive, “gives a flawless performance, perfectly capturing Jane's dignity, self reliance, restraint, modesty, and underlying passion” (“Jane Eyre 1970”. As with most adaptations, this version glosses over or alters parts of the story. The film begins with young Jane arriving at Lowood School, leaving out her life at Gateshead with Mrs. Reed. Similarly, her time at Moor House is shortened, she does not inherit her fortune, and her being related to the Riverses is not revealed. However, the segments taking place at Thornfield are mostly faithful to the novel. The film manages to capture the quiet and reflective atmosphere of the story, such as in scenes showing the bleak beauty of the moors or of Jane walking outside at sunset. Miniseries, 1973 and 1983 In 1973 and 1983, the BBC released two Jane Eyre miniseries. The first, directed by Joan Craft and starring Sorcha Cusack and Michael Jayston, is made up of five episodes, 275 minutes total. The second, directed by Julian Amyes and featuring Zelah Clarke and Timothy Dalton, has eleven thirty-minute episodes. An obvious benefit of a miniseries is the extended time available to tell the story. The director can develop the story at a more leisurely pace and choose to leave in small details that would be excised in a theatrical version. Once again, Eyreaholics are divided over which miniseries is better, although it is really a matter of personal preference. The 1973 miniseries includes voice-over narration from Jane, which garnered mixed reactions from the viewers. Poster “dr_mendoncacorreia” defends the use of Brontës original prose in the voice-overs, stating: In a way, the camera works as the eye: by itself, the camera can show you basic emotions and simple thoughts, as they can be expressed by the so-called "body language" just by itself, the camera cannot show complex thoughts and reasonings, because they have to be expressed by words. (“Jane Eyre 1973”) My mother and I watched this miniseries together, and I remember the proposal scene in particular. Rochester says, “I love you like my own flesh. You, poor, and obscure, and small, and plain as you are. I entreat you to accept me as a husband. ” Janes voice-over then says, “His earnestness and incivility began to give credit to his sincerity. ” We laughed particularly hard at that line, at the fact that Jane is so reassured by Rochesters bluntness. So while Janes voice-over narrations were sometimes redundant or in unusual places, they did allow the script to stay remarkably true to the original text. The 1983 miniseries was the first adaptation I saw, so I have a particular fondness for it. Almost five and a half hours long, it is probably the most faithful version that exists, preserving Brontës original text in most of the dialogue. Janes experiences before and after her time at Thornfield, which are usually the ones severely condensed in adaptations, remain almost in full. Thus, viewers see the child Janes meetings with the apothecary and Mr. Brocklehurst, the servant Bessie visiting Jane at Lowood School, and Janes wanderings on the moors before reaching Moor House. Timothy Dalton is best known as James Bond, and some fans complain that he is too handsome for the role (although, maybe “complain” is the wrong word. “Martisco” believes that Dalton “gives a very dynamic performance and has tons of charisma and passion. ” The poster “mamascara” adds: “I love when he calls her Janet, just as in the book. That never happened in the 2006 [version. And the woman who plays Jane is small and elf-like, as in the book. Dalton overflows with passion for Jane” (“Jane Eyre 1983”. Eyreaholics generally agree that Zelah Clarke has the right look for Jane, but they seem to either love or hate her performance. They often compare Cusacks and Clarkes performances; the two actresses seem to bring different aspects of Janes personality to the screen—Cusack her assertiveness and fiery spirit, Clarke her seriousness and calm. Ultimately, both the 1973 and 1983 versions are very appropriate for any Eyreaholic looking for a complete and faithful adaptation. Franco Zeffirelli, 1996 The 1996 Jane Eyre was the first major theatrical adaptation since the 1944 version. Directed by Franco Zeffirelli, its complete title is Charlotte Brontës Jane Eyre. It is significant that Zeffirelli, well-known for adapting Shakespeares Taming of the Shrew, Romeo and Juliet, and Hamlet, would emphasize Brontë in the title. At the time of this films release, there had been a spate of adaptations of classic works— Persuasion, Sense and Sensibility, The Scarlet Letter, all 1995 releases (Berardinelli. Also in 1996, Baz Luhrmann released his own William Shakespeares Romeo + Juliet. Zeffirelli seemed to be following a trend of highlighting his films classical origins. Charlotte Gainsbourg and William Hurt took the two lead roles. Gainsbourg, a French actress, played Jane with a stoic exterior hiding her inner passion. In his review for American Spectator, James Bowman says of Gainsbourg: her intensity and purity of spirit, just right for the role of Jane, almost single-handedly save the film from the merely dissolute performance of William Hurt as Mr. Rochester. Instead of the volcanic passion, barely contained, of George C. Scott or the brooding romanticism of Orson Welles, both of whom have made decent screen Rochesters, Hurt can only turn his stock new age, sensitive-man, inwardly-Hurt performance up a few notches. This is all wrong. (58) Critic James Berardinelli and many fans agree that Hurts Rochester lacks presence and passion. The 1996 film also had memorable performances by Anna Paquin as the young Jane and Joan Plowright as Mrs. Fairfax. In this adaptation, Paquins young Jane becomes a fierce rebel at Lowood School. When Mr. Brocklehurst orders that Helen Burnss hair be cut short, Jane has hers cut too as a sign of protest. When one poster on IMDb wondered how Paquins passionate Jane grew into Gainsbourgs “bland and wooden” adult version, “jrice-11” argued passionately in Gainsbourgs defense: Janes “strength of purpose was her desire to live, her beauty was wanting to live correctly as well as stay alive. Jane [Eyre] wanted little out of life but to do her duty as she saw it, and Ms G. [Gainsbourg] portrays that well, yet allows us to see that Jane has a warmth, a passion beneath that exterior” (“Jane Eyre 1996”. While many fans enjoyed the acting, there were complaints about the degree of faithfulness to the novel. Bowman wryly comments that he felt as if the money ran out two-thirds of the way through the film. The last part of the film is very rushed, with St. John Riverss part all but cut. Of course, it is a common problem for adaptations that have to compress the story into two hours. The tone and atmosphere of the 1996 Jane Eyre movie is quite distinct. Berardinelli says it is “marked by stark realism and a pervasive sense of misery. ” The cinematography is beautiful but grim and gloomy, with many shots dark and full of shadows. With the colors in the film so drab and muted, and the tone so cheerless, it is a stark contrast in the end when Jane and Rochester are reunited, “a moment of joyful catharsis” (Berardinelli. However, fans reactions to this version are mixed and tepid. One poster said that seeing this movie would not have made him or her want to read the novel (“Jane Eyre 1996”. It does not arouse as much fervor from the Eyreaholics as other adaptations have before and after. Robert Young, 1997 The next year, 1997, saw another made-for-TV adaptation, this one directed by Robert Young and starring Ciarán Hinds and Samantha Morton. It followed the growing trend of casting actors to look like the novels descriptions of them. Morton, who was around nineteen when the film was shot, may be the youngest Jane to date, the closest to Janes age in the novel. However, several viewers took issue with the actors interpretations of the lead roles. In a users review for IMDb titled “At least they got Pilot right! ” the poster “jback-5” was heavily critical of Morton and Hinds.  For Morton, the reviewer commented: “Gone is the interesting duality of Jane's character in the novel, her outward shyness, guardedness and modesty on the one hand and her fire and passion on the other. Morton's Jane speaks her mind boldly right from the beginning and never stops doing so throughout the film” (jback-5. Even worse, jback-5 and other fans believe, is Hindss portrayal of Rochester as a bullying, shouting brute. For the farewell scene, Hinds throws a tantrum; “Rochester insulting Jane when she intends to leave him, bullying her, throwing her suitcase over the banister and telling her to go if she does not love him enough to stay? Absolutely ridiculous! ” says jback-5. In an interview, Hinds acknowledged that he has not read the novel or seen any of the adaptations. Robert Young cast him as Rochester after hearing him perform the character in a radio production. Hinds interpreted Rochester as arrogant, bullying, and chauvinistic (Bronteana. Many Eyreaholics questioned his decision to interpret a major literary character without having read or studied the novel.  Pilot, of course, is Mr. Rochesters faithful dog. Jback-5 says Pilot was well-cast. The steamy bedroom scene Susanna White, 2006 The 2006 four-part miniseries brought a lot of buzz and excitement to Eyreaholics. Here was a Masterpiece Theatre production with lush sets and scenery, richly detailed costumes, and a slightly modern flavor to the classic story. The series opened with young Jane, played by Georgie Henley [Lucy Pevensie in The Chronicles of Narnia] walking alone through a vast desert. The film then shows Jane hidden in her window seat, engrossed in a book so much that she seems to enter different worlds. This was a memorable and creative way to start off the new adaptation, suggesting to the audience that there may be some surprises and changes along the way. Additionally, the viewer becomes privy to Janes inner world, much like it is in the novel. Directed by Susanna White and starring Ruth Wilson and Toby Stephens, the adaptation featured slightly modernized language. While previous versions usually tried to incorporate Brontës original text into the script as much as possible, screenwriter Sandy Welch went for a different approach. In a message board thread titled “Not Brontës Jane Eyre, ” fans discussed the updated language. “Alfa-16” stated: “Ruth [Wilson] is absolutely Bronte's Jane. It's much more important to be faithful to character and authorial intention and then remember you're working in a completely different medium beyond the scope of Bronte's imagination” (“Jane Eyre 2006”. The poster makes a valid point about remembering the authors intention. An adaptation can maintain the original dialogue from the novel and still neglect the spirit of the story. There is more to adapting a classic than simply copying every line and scene from the text. This adaptation also focused on the passion the lead characters feel, for a highly-charged, “sexier” version than what was done before. The producer Diederick Santer explained that the screenwriter Welch “mined Bronte's novel for every ounce of passion, drama, colour, madness and horror available, bringing to life Jane's inner world with beauty, humour and at times great sadness” (“About the Show”. Fans and critics seemed to agree that newcomer Wilson was made for the part of Jane, exuding a confident and mysterious presence. Stephenss performance was also highly praised, and his rugged handsomeness immediately sent Eyreaholics on IMDb into a frenzy. One of the most talked-about scenes was when Rochester tries to convince Jane to stay with him after their aborted wedding. They sit on a bed together; just after Rochester insists that they can live together chastely like brother and sister, they lie back on the bed and begin kissing. Some viewers were shocked by the steamy scene and how it strayed dramatically from the novel. However, others argued that passion is a major underlying theme in Jane Eyre and that showing Jane and Rochester expressing their desires was natural (“Jane Eyre 2006”. Personally, I side with the purists and argue that Brontës intent was to have Jane not give in to her desires. I will concede though that the scene makes Janes painful separation from Rochester very poignant and believable. Jane Eyre the Musical It is worthwhile to bring up Jane Eyre s impact in other forms of media besides film. Jane Eyre has a long history on the stage, and in 2000, it had its Broadway debut as a musical. Jane Eyre the Musical features twenty songs, the music and lyrics by Paul Gordon and the book by John Caird. Marla Schaffel and James Barbour star in the Original Broadway Cast (“The Musical”. The lyrics faithfully maintain a lot of the original text from the novel, and some of the songs give a special voice to the characters. A particular stand-out song is “Sirens, ” in which Jane and Rochester separately voice their growing desire for one another. While the novel is told from Janes perspective, the lyrics to this song show what must have been going on in Rochesters mind, as he sings: “Oh, let me sail away / Where I won't hear her voice / Where I am blind and free / For as sirens call the sailors / She calls to me” (“Lyrics”. 1] It is remarkable how well Brontës original words fit into song lyrics. The musical creators deserve credit for respecting the integrity of the novel and making some of Brontës lyrical passages sound even more like poetry. Consider the song “The Proposal, ” which keeps Rochesters passionate words, so often abridged in film adaptations: “If I had a string under my ribs / Knotted to you, connecting our frames / I'd be afraid that many a mile / Would sever the tie / And I would take to bleeding inwardly” (“Lyrics”. The success of the musical speaks to the power of stage productions and the adaptability of classic works.  Interestingly, the lyrics make several references to blindness. As we know, Rochester is blinded at the end of the novel by the fire at Thornfield. "Novel" Adaptations: Wide Sargasso Sea and The Eyre Affair Popular novels have also taken Jane Eyre to new levels. In 1966, Jean Rhys published Wide Sargasso Sea, a prequel of sorts to Jane Eyre. The novel features Bertha Mason as the protagonist and her meeting and marrying Rochester. It has also been adapted to film. Poster “yaweh yireh” jokingly refers to the age difference between Rochester and Jane when she describes her reaction to watching Wide Sargasso Sea: “He kept telling Bertha how much he loved her, and I kept thinking, No, you don't. Back in England there's a little baby who you're going to find true love with in fifteen years! ” (“Jane Eyre 2006”. The story explores why Bertha went mad, and it was well-received by critics and readers (“Notes on Novels: Wide Sargasso Sea”. Another recent work that turns Jane Eyre on its head is Jasper Ffordes The Eyre Affair, published in 2001. The novel is the first of a series featuring protagonist Thursday Next in as a literary detective in a wacky literary alternate world. In Thursdays world, the lines between reality and fiction are often blurred, with people able to enter the classic works, such as Dickens's Martin Chuzzlewit and Wordsworths “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud. ” Thursday belongs to a special literary police force that handles cases like stolen manuscripts, werewolf sightings, and time travel. When the villain Acheron Hades steals the original manuscript of Jane Eyre and kidnaps the title character, the world panics. When someone alters or destroys an original manuscript, every other copy in the world is affected. Thursday must enter Jane Eyre herself to prevent Hades from committing literary homicide. Thursdays presence “behind the scenes” in Jane Eyre leads to the novel being tweaked into the version we know. Erica Hateley examined The Eyre Affair as a parody of Jane Eyre, popular culture, and the postmodern novel (1025. She points out that Thursday Next is remarkably similar to Jane Eyre, being very independent and opinionated. Supernatural intervention has a similar effect on her as it does on Jane: as she lies in a hospital bed, she sees herself arrive in the room and tell her to accept a job in Swindon, her hometown. This has obvious corollaries with the ‘‘clairvoyant episode in Jane Eyre when Jane hears her name being called across the moors. Ultimately, Thursday is reunited with her crippled lover after years of separation, and they are married. (Hateley 1026) Brimming with sly jokes and literary allusions, The Eyre Affair offers a new twist on Brontës and other classic authors works. It was my first exposure to Jane Eyre, and it made me interested in reading the novel, not knowing exactly what the “true” ending was. Final Reflections Having discussed several Jane Eyre film and TV adaptations, stage performances, and popular novels, I believe there are many factors affecting the modern readership of Brontës novel. Online message boards, websites, and blogs serve as a social reading community in a way people in Brontës time would never have imagined. Whether fans discuss their reading a book or visually “reading” a film adaptation, online posters and bloggers share different insights, interpretations, theories, and questions. As times change, so do the concerns of Jane Eyre readers. I often find, for example, that some people are concerned about the age difference between Jane and Rochester. How young can an actress playing Jane look without turning off some viewers? Ciarán Hinds said jokingly that Samantha Morton treated him like a grandfather when they were not shooting (Bronteana. Attitudes toward such a relationship will always be shifting. One thing that remains steady since 1847 is the enduring appeal of the novel itself. Lucasta Miller talks about Jane Eyre s “interiority” as the key to its originality—because the novel lets the reader directly into the mind of the narrator, it is especially compelling. IMDb posters also weigh in on why they love the story. "MystRose" cites Janes steadfast drive to survive and love in a harsh world: And the love between [Jane] and Rochester was as real as literature can make it be. As you can see from these boards, they are so finely drawn that people draw blood over who should play them, as they do Darcy and Elizabeth Bennet. Jane and Rochester knew the worst of one another, and persisted, because of the good in what each was, and in spite of what each was not. And in the end, there is redemption. The story has scope, love, despair, mystery, drama, suffering and finally, redemption. That's been a successful formula many are drawn to for centuries. (“Jane Eyre 1997”) I have already described why I am drawn to the novel. Charlotte Brontë created a character whose strong sense of self and spirit guide her through the world. As evidenced by the reactions of countless Eyreaholics and the continued efforts to adapt Jane Eyre to film, the novels readership will continue to grow and evolve. Read more about Jane Eyre Jane Eyre Sequels, Prequels, Spin-Offs, and Retellings Since its publication in 1847, Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre has inspired numerous adaptations- on the stage, on film, and most recently, in novel retellings and sequels. The characters of the original... Works Cited “About the Show” BBC: Jane Eyre. 1 Dec. 2008. Berardinelli, James. “Jane Eyre. ” ReelViews. 1996. 2008. “Biography for Joan Fontaine. ” Internet Movie Database. 2008. Bowman, James. “The Look of Love. ” American Spectator 29 (1996) 58-9. Academic Search Complete. Sturgis Library, Kennesaw. 2008. Bronteana, ed. "Bronteana: Bronte Studies Blog Archive. Weblog post. Bronteana. 29 Apr. 2006. 2008. Campbell, Gardner. "The Presence of Orson Welles in Robert Stevenson's Jane Eyre. Literature Film Quarterly 31 (2003) 2-9. MLA International Bibliography. 2008. Ellis, Kate, and E. Ann Kaplan. "Feminism in Bronte's Novel and Its Film Versions. The English Novel and the Movies. Ed. Michael Klein and Gillian Parker. New York: Ungar, 1981. 83-94. “Films. ” The Enthusiast's Guide to Jane Eyre Adaptations. 2008. Hateley, Erica. “The End of The Eyre Affair: Jane Eyre, Parody, and Popular Culture. ” Journal of Popular Culture 38 (2005) 1022-36. 2008. "Jane Eyre (1934. Internet Movie Database. 2008. “Jane Eyre (1944. 2008. “Jane Eyre (1970. 2008. “Jane Eyre (1973. 2008. “Jane Eyre (1983. 2008. “Jane Eyre (1996. 2008. “Jane Eyre (1997. 2008. “Jane Eyre (2006. 2008. Jback-5. “At least they got Pilot right! ” Rev. of Jane Eyre (1997. Internet Movie Database. 9 Jan. 2008. 2008. “Lyrics. ” Brave Enough for Love: Jane Eyre. 2008. Miller, Lucasta. “Prim and Improper. ” The Guardian. 23 Sept. 2008. “The Musical. 2008. “Notes on Novels: Wide Sargasso Sea. ” 1 Dec. 2008. Overseer-3. "Worst version ever made. Rev. of Jane Eyre (1934. 12 May 2003. 2008.
Jane eyre soundtrack. Jane eyre chapter summary. Jane Eyre Introduction. Want more deets? We've also got a complete Online Course about Jane Eyre, with three weeks' worth of readings and activities to make sure you know your stuff. You can't get much more romantic than Jane Eyre: a poor, unloved, and unattractive orphan uses her awesome personality to win over a wealthy sort-of-aristocrat and live happily ever after. Oh, and by "awesome personality" we mean "blunt and somewhat annoyingly obsessed with duty. And let's not forget to mention that the sort-of-aristocrat is (1) mean, 2) ugly, and (3) comes with more baggage than an Airbus. And "happily ever after" Ha. That comes in the last few pages of a very long (and very messed-up—think "psychopathic mind games" and "imprisoned people in the attic" courtship. What we're saying is, Jane Eyre isn't exactly the harlequin romance novel that a movie poster like this might suggest. But don't worry: it's still a crowd-pleaser. Madness, disability, missionaries, and a tasty sprinkle of the gothic make Jane Eyre a pretty compelling read for a book that was published (under the pseudonym Currer Bell) in the wayback days of 1847. Still, there's a lot more going on than the makings of a Hollywood blockbuster. even though Jane Eyre has graced the screen a whopping thirty-three times. At the heart of Jane Eyre is a struggle that's almost certainly close to your heart: the struggle to grow up and live a life that's authentic and meaningful. So does living an authentic life mean following your cousin across the world to convert the "heathens" Does it mean living as a wealthy spinster and teaching the rural poor how to knit? Or does it mean marrying your brooding, crippled landlord who has a sordid, secret past? It's Choose Your Own Adventure, nineteenth-century style: if you choose wisely you'll gain everlasting love and a swanky mansion; if you choose poorly. well, we just hope you like spending a lot of time in attics. What is Jane Eyre About and Why Should I Care? When you look at Jane Eyre, you might just see a long novel about a gal in an ugly gray dress whose life—a lot of the time—totally sucks. Whether shes gagging on burned porridge at her horrible boarding school or discovering that her fiancé is already married to someone else or wandering around on the moor starving to death, life is often painful for Jane. The thing is, its not painful to read about it. In fact, we start to get kind of obsessed with all the gory details after a while. Did Jane and Rochester's wedding really get interrupted at the altar just now? Why did Rochester decide to keep his wife locked in the attic? How many mistresses did he have? Is he Adèle's dad or not? Will Jane marry her cousin or agree to bigamy? Is there a ghost at Thornfield Hall. or is it a vampire? They could make a reality show out of this; it would be like Supernanny + The Bachelorette + Ghost Hunters. Of course, apart from the whole thirst-for-voyeurism thing that we all have, Jane Eyre also offers something else: a tale about The Man getting you down. Over and over, Janes put into situations where shes too young, too poor, or too powerless to win, but she has to try anyway. And we all know about that. Weve all been the kid who was picked on by some random adult like Mrs. Reed or Mr. Brocklehurst or your fourth-grade math teacher just because that person has a stick up their you-know-what. Weve all had to accept that everyone would believe the adults just because they are adults, so they get away with it. Maybe some of us have also been the young employee who gets pressured to do something immoral or just to work late again by our boss. Or the girlfriend who finds out that her boyfriends taking someone else out on Friday night. That "someone else" might not be an insane vampiric arsonist—but hey, parallels only go so far. What were trying to say is: half of Jane Eyre is pure get-the-popcorn, omigawd-she-didnt spectacle, and the other half looks pretty familiar. Even if you've never spent time as a governess in a moldering mansion—hey, even if you're a dude—you've likely felt "puny and insignificant" 2. 9. 23) at some point in your life. And there is nothing more relatable than watching the underdog get kicked around. and nothing more satisfying than watching her triumph. Jane Eyre Resources Movie or TV Productions Jane Eyre, 2006 BBC Mini-Series Starring Ruth Wilson and Toby Stephens, this TV adaptation is up-to-date, well-paced, and has high production values. Definitely our favorite adaptation so far, and pretty good as a study aid, too. Jane Eyre, 1996 Film A recent big-budget film version of Jane Eyre, directed by the famous and fantastic Franco Zeffirelli. Jane Eyre, 1944 Film This is the "vintage classic" film version, starring Orson Welles and Joan Fontaine. Not as snazzy and new as some of the other versions, but charming in its own way, if you like that sort of thing. Jane Eyre, 2011 Film Okay: Mia Wasikowska is not plain. and Michael Fassbender isn't ugly. But this movie is still awesome. I Walked With a Zombie, 1943 Film This classic horror flick is very, very loosely based on Jane Eyre and set in the West Indies. Weird and wacky, it really explores the theme of "Foreignness and 'The Other' in an interesting way. Videos "Money Matters & Flirting" In this scene from the 2006 BBC miniseries adaptation of Jane Eyre, Jane asks to visit her dying aunt and she and Rochester argue over how much hell pay her at this point for the work shes done so far. This is a really useful video because it can be difficult to understand how flirtatious and playful this scene is in the book. Jane Eyre: Happily Ever After" A scene from the 2006 BBC miniseries adaptation of Jane Eyre that does exactly what it says in the title! This ending is a bit more sexed up than we think makes sense for the Victorian period, but hey, whatever. Audios Free Jane Eyre Audiobook Complete, unabridged reading of all thirty-eight chapters, available for free online from LibriVox! Vintage Jane Eyre Radio Adaptation CBS Radio Mystery Theater version of the story, recorded in 1977. Caution: this is a very loose adaptation, so its a lot of fun but might not help you learn all the details of the plot of the novel. Images The Governess An 1844 oil painting of a Victorian governess by Richard Redgrave. Jane Eyre 1944 Movie Poster Poster from the classic 1944 film adaptation starring Orson Welles and Joan Fontaine. Documents Full Text of Jane Eyre The entire novel online, complete and unabridged, from Project Gutenberg. Read it on screen or download it to your computer. Oxford Worlds Classics Edition of Jane Eyre on Google Books This is only a preview—you may not be able to read the whole text of the novel here without paying, and we dont recommend paying, because you can read the novel at Project Gutenberg for free. But! We do recommend that you check this out, because you will be able to read the introduction to the novel by Sally Shuttleworth, which is really useful. Penguin Classics Edition of Jane Eyre on Google Books Again, this is only a preview, but you can read the introduction by Michael Mason. "Reader, I Shagged Him" by Tanya Gold An article from the British newspaper The Guardian that explains Charlotte Brontës dark imagination and how her biographer, Elizabeth Gaskell, made her seem more prim and proper. Gold rejects the idea that Jane Eyre is repressed and gets deep into its sexual undertones. "Jane Eyre Runs for President" by Sean Carman A parody article in which Jane Eyre is one of the candidates during the 2008 presidential election. (Can you guess who she represents. The Life of Charlotte Brontë by Elizabeth Gaskell Full text of Gaskells famous 1857 biography of Brontë. This work is interesting because Gaskell was a contemporary of Brontës, but it is somewhat whitewashed—make sure you read more recent biographies, too. Other Charlotte Brontë: An Overview Commentary and background on Jane Eyre from a variety of eminent scholars. Part of "The Victorian Web. a large scholarly project devoted to creating online archives of academic material related to nineteenth-century British literature and culture. Jane Eyre Background Info This is a website created by Lilia Melani, an Associate Professor of English at Brooklyn College. Its short and to the point, and it has some good information about context.